Vintage Info – All About Vintage Lighting

Flush Mounts & Ceiling Lamps

Flush Mounts & Ceiling Lamps

Lighting designed especially for low ceilings or lamps that are mounted directly on the ceiling. All vintage lighting from the 20th century. Biographies of the designers and histories of the companies. ID your vintage lamps!

1970s Staff Spotlights

Models 5508, 5509, 5518, 5519, lamps from this series but different colours, received the iF Design Award in 1973. (discipline: product)

1970s Staff Spotlights

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1970s Staff Spotlights 7620

 

Materials: Brown metallic painted plastic. Some metal parts. Chromed iron rod. Black plastic ceiling cap. Porcelain socket.

Lampholder: ∅ 14,2 x 15,5 cm / 5.59 x 6.10”

Rod: +- 12 cm / 4.72”

Ceiling Mount: ∅ 8 cm / 3.14”

Electricity: 1 bulb E27 PAR 38, 1 x 150 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used, but a PAR 38 spotlight is recommended.

Period: 1970s – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: A. Berges (no information to be found about the designer).

Manufacturer: Staff & Schwarz Leuchtenwerke GMBH, Lemgo, Germany.

Other versions: Made in several sizes and colours. Also made as a pendant lamp, spotlight on rail, table lamp, floor lamp. These flush mounts are also used as a wall lamp.

Model number: 007620 – 150 watt.

Staff

StaffStaff & Schwarz Leuchtenwerk (lighting plant) – was established by Alfred Staff and Otto Schwarz in Lemgo, (West) Germany in 1945.
Their business started as a shop for consumer goods in wood and metal as well as pesticide for controlling the Colorado potato beetle, a huge problem at that time.
Within a year they the company expanded with 15 employees and they were producing the first wrought iron luminaires. Over the next three decades, Staff was to develop into a world leader in design excellence, receiving over 200 awards for its achievements. Staff also produced lamps for other companies such as Stilnovo (Italy) and Lyfa (Denmark). In 1994 Zumtobel bought the company.

Links (external links open in a new window)

History of the company can be found here: 60 Years of Light from Lemgo – Zumtobel plant celebrates historic milestones

iF Design Awards for this type of lights can be found here on the iF Design website: model 5508, model 5509, model 5518, model 5519.

Colorado potato beetle on Wikipedia as an agricultural pest

Staff lamps on Vintageinfo

Lamps from the same series on Vintageinfo:

Staff pendant lamps model 5517

Staff pendant lamps model 5518

1970s Staff Spotlights 7620

1970s Staff Spotlights 7620 - Staff label

Gaetano Sciolari Boulanger Flush Mount

Gaetano Sciolari Boulanger Flush Mount

 

Materials: Chromed metal (iron) ceiling piece. 9 chromed metal tubes. Some iron and brass parts. Bakelite sockets.

Height: 35 cm / 13.77”

Width: ∅ 29 cm / 11.41”

Electricity: 9 bulbs E14, 9 x 40 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used, not a specific one preferred.
For this setup  a silver cup/crown/bowl light bulb was used.

Period: 1960s, 1970s, 1980s  – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: Gaetano Sciolari (1927-1994).

Manufacturer: Société Anonyme Boulanger, Liège, Belgium.

Other versions: Also made as a big floor lamp with 3 globe lamps. A flush mount with 3 and 6 lamps and made in brass with long and short tubes. In the late 1970s, early 1980s they were also produced in white. These lamps were also used as wall lamps and even as a table lamp.

The original light bulbs were elongate. An example is here. These bulbs are no longer in production. Nowadays, they sell LED versions.

Angelo Gaetano Sciolari

Angelo Sciolari graduated with a degree in architecture but wanted to be a filmmaker. This course came to an abrupt end when in 1949 his father suddenly died and he took over the Sciolari Lighting company at the age of 22.

His first designs in the 1950s were Sputnik inspired pendants; off course it was the space age.

In the 1960s he created refined, futuristic and sharp classical style chandeliers. Lines were clean and sculptural and materials such as crystal and ice glass sparkled with a voluptuously luxurious coolness and he started combining brass with chrome.

He led the family business with a passionate vision and within years, he expanded the business and started working with other light companies worldwide.

Gaetano Sciolari created lamps or Stilnovo and Stilkronen (Italy), Lightolier and Progress Lighting (USA), S.A. Boulanger (Belgium). Helestra and Leola (Germany), Lyfa (Denmark) and off course for his own Italian family business; the Sciolari company in Rome and Milan, where all the lighting business in Italy at that time was present. Many of his designs were produced under licence by those companies.

Sciolari was the founder and the first president of the trade association of Italian manufacturers of lighting fixtures, the AIDI. The Associazione Italiana di Illuminazione was founded in 1958 and still exists today.

Sciolari Illuminazione started business in 1892 and still exist.

Boulanger

Unfortunately, not much is known about the company. S.A. Boulanger is famous for the large amount of lamps the company produced that are designed by Gaetano Sciolari. S.A. Boulanger ended business somewhere in the early 1980s. There is nothing to be found in the Belgian Official Journal about the company/factory. The journal goes back to 1983. The company is not to be confused by the other Boulanger company from Belgium: Les Ateliers Boulanger NV from Brussels. More info about the company over here.

VLM Components

All the electric parts were made by VLM Components in the 1960s. The company was founded in 1945 in Buccinasco, a small village near Milan, Italy. The company became famous for the switches they produce since 1968, designed by Achille Castiglioni.
VLM is part of the Relco Group, founded in 1967. Today they are the owners of the brands RelcoLeuciRelco LightingVLM and Segno.

Gaetano Sciolari Boulanger Flush Mount - 9 light bulbs

Gaetano Sciolari Boulanger Flush Mount - 9 light bulbs

iGuzzini Dada Flush Mount

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iGuzzini Dada Flush Mount

 

Materials: White plastic (acrylic). white painted metal (iron). Some plastic and metal parts.

Height: 15 cm / 5.90”

Width: 50 x 50 cm / 19.68 x 19.68”

Electricity:circular fluorescent lamps. 1 x 32 watt, 1 x 40 watt, 220 volt.

Period: 1970s – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: The internal design team of iGuzzini.

Manufacturer: iGuzzini illuminazione S.p.A, via Mariano Guzzini, 37
62019, Recanati, Italy.

Other versions: Made with incandescent light bulbs E27, 60 watt and 100 watt. Also produced with 1 circular fluorescent lamp. The smaller versions are 37 x 37 cm and 24,4 x 24, 4 cm. Sometimes used as a wall lamp. Produced for a long time, from 1979 until 2005.

The iGuzzini Dada flush mount has many similarities with the Martinelli Luce Bolla Flush Mount, designed by Elio Martinelli.

Acrylic

Acrylic glass (PMMA – polymethylmethacrylate) is well known by the trade names Acrylite, Altuglas, Crylux, Cyrolite, Lucite, Optix, Oroglas, Plexiglas, Perspex and Sumipex.

iGuzzini illuminazione

iGuzzini illuminazione was established in 1959 by Raimondo Guzzini under the name Harvey Creazioni. Harvey is derived from the famous movie ‘Harvey’ with James Stuart and the invisible rabbit Harvey from 1950.
The initial production of enameled copper objects was supplemented by decorative luminaires.
In the early sixties it became a family business when his 5 brothers joined the company. In 1962 Luigi Massoni was attracted to lead the design team. He worked for Fratelli Guzzini and Harvey Guzzini until 1976. Luigi Massoni designed many iconic lamps in that period. They are on display here on Vintageinfo.
The company still exists and changed the name in 1974 into iGuzzini and in 1981 to iGuzzini illuminazione.

Project year: 1979
Year of production starting: 1979
Year of production ending: 2005

Commercial code: 5088
Period: 1979 – 2005
For a normal light bulb
Dimensions: 50 x 50 cm

Commercial code: 5091
Period: 1980 – 2005
For a normal light bulb
Dimensions:37 x 37 cm

Commercial code: 5288
Period: 1979 – 2005
Circular fluorescent lamp
Dimensions: 50 x 50 cmm

Commercial code: 5291
Period: 1980 – 2005
Circular fluorescent lamp
Dimensions: 37 x 37 cm

Commercial code: 5336
Period: 1990 – 2005
Circular fluorescent lamp
Dimensions: 37 x 37 cm

Commercial code: 5337
Period: 1990 – 2005
Circular fluorescent lamp
Dimensions: 50 x 50 cmm

Commercial code: 5345
Period: 1990 – 2005
Circular fluorescent lamp
Dimensions: 24,4 x 24,4 cm

Commercial code: 5347
Period: 1990 – 2005
Circular fluorescent lamp
Dimensions: 37 x 37 cm

Commercial code: 5348
Period: 1990 – 2005
Circular fluorescent lamp
Dimensions: 50 x 50 cm

Commercial code: 5404
Period: 1999 – 2005
Circular fluorescent lamp
Dimensions: 37 x 37 cm
Ceiling lamp with emergency light and inductive wiring.

Commercial code: 5405
Period: 1999 – 2005
Circular fluorescent lamp
Dimensions: 50 x 50 cm
Ceiling lamp with emergency light and inductive wiring.

Harvey Creazioni logo

Harvey Guzzini logo

iGuzzini logo

Logo used between 1959 and 1964. Inspired by the 1950 film “Harvey“, starring James Stewart.

Logo used between 1965 and 1977.  This logo was designed by Luigi Massoni.
The architect Massoni was invited to work with Harvey as the company’s art director, a move that gave further impetus to the idea of collaborating with designers.
Between 1967 and 1971, Ennio Lucini designed the catalogue tor the DH brand, under which lamps for home lighting were marketed.

Logo used from 1974 until today, designed by Advema G&R Associati. This logo embodied the company’s entire output, which was marketed under other brands such as DH, Doma and Atelier.
It was during this period that the company began making technical products. Spot and flood lights in particular.

Roger Tallon ERCO Halogen Spots

Hommage to Roger Tallon on Youtube

Roger Tallon – 60 years design – Franceinfo – 2 hours documentary on Youtube

Roger Tallon Erco Spots - Halogen - Osram Halospot 48

Roger Tallon Erco Spots ''Micro''

Roger Tallon 9 Erco Spots toghether on a rail.

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Roger Tallon ERCO Halogen Spots
pin-spot track lighting system

 

Materials: Metal, plastic and aluminium, painted black. White metal base.

Total height: 27 cm / 10.62”

Height: 17 cm / 6.69”

Width: ∅ 7 cm / 2.75”

Electricity: A 1 QR48 Halogen, 20 watt – 12 volt can be used. Preferably a Halospot 48, made by Osram. Other 12 volt halogen lamps can be used. Works with a transformer build inside: 220 volt to 12 volt. Does not work on 110 volt. 

Period: 1970s – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: Roger Tallon (1929-2011) – father of the industrial design.

Manufacturer: ERCO GmbH, Lüdenscheid, Germany.

Other versions: Lamps on rail, floor lamps, table lamps, different models. Also made in white. These lamps are intended for rail. The white base can be used for any ERCO spotlight for rail.

Roger Tallon

Designed in 1977 by the famous French industrial designer Roger Tallon, Born in Paris, 9 March 1929, died in Paris, 20 October 2011.  He created a large amount of beautiful things, the most original watches for LIP, staircases, furniture and off course the TGV, “Train à Grande Vitesse”, the high-speed train for Europe.

Roger Tallon worked for many companies, among others: Caterpillar France, DuPont, Technés, General Electric, LIP, Air France, Bata, Peugeot, Fenwick, Kodak, Salomon Group, Fluocaril, Elf, Terraillon, ERCO and so on.

ERCO

ERCO was founded in 1934 by Arnold Reininger (1907-2003), Karl Reeber and Paul Buschhaus in Lüdenscheid, Germany. The company name ERCO represents a phonetic abbreviation of the founding name “Reininghaus & Co.“.

The company is still in family ownership. During the early years, ERCO produced parts for lamps. In particular a spring-supported retracting mechanism for hanging lights.

In the 1930s the industrial production of complete luminaires was started. After the Second World War Arnold Reininger and Karl Reeber continued the company, co-founder Paul Buschhaus had died in the war.

Famous designers that worked for the ERCO company are Alois Ferdinand GangkofnerRoger TallonEttore SottsassEmilio AmbaszShiro KuramataGiancarlo PirettiDieter Witte Yves Béhar, Knud HolscherFranco ClivioNaoto Fukasawa and many others.

The company was awarded many times thanks to these great artists and the vision of the ERCO company. ERCO received 88 iF Design Awards

Erco Spots on Vintageinfo

iF Design award 1977 Erco 33 720, 33 723

Other lamps designed by Roger Tallon on Vintageinfo click here.

Roger Tallon Erco Spots ''Micro'' Floor piece

Roger Tallon Erco Halogen Spots - Metal floor piece felt

Glashütte Limburg Opaque Half Round Flush Mount

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Glashütte Limburg Opaque Half Round Flush Mount or Wall Lamp

 

Materials: Opaque crystal glass, brass. Metal ceiling piece, porcelain socket.

Height: 15 cm / 5.90”

Width: ∅ 29 cm / 11.41”

Electricity: 1 bulb E27, 1 x 100 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb with an E27 socket can be used. But preferably a white or frosted one. Clear bulbs create stripes on white/opaque glass.

Period: 1970s – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: To be appraised.

Manufacturer: Glashütte Limburg, Glashüttenweg 1, 65549 Limburg an der Lahn – Germany.

Glashütte Limburg

Glashütte Limburg was founded in 1946. Today Glashütte Limburg is a member of the Bega group. The company still exists and they make beautiful (industrial) lighting. The name Glashütte Limburg is no longer in use since 2017. Bega was founded in 1945 by goldsmith and steel engraver Heinrich Gartenbrink

One of the best known designers for Glashütte Limburg was Helena Tynell who created several amber bubble glass lights for the company. They exist in many forms and sizes. Helena Tynell lived from 1918 until 2016. She was married to the famous designer Paavo Tynell (1890-1973).

Glashütte Limburg received 160 iF Design Awards. You can find them over here on the iF Design website.

 

Links (external links open in a new window)

Limburg an der Lahn on Wikipedia

Helena Tynell on Wikipedia (only in Suomi (2018))

Glashütte Limburg website

History of the Bega company

Glashütte Limburg manufactures exclusive interior luminaires with natural gas

Bega website

Bega North America website

Other Glashütte Limburg lamps on Vintageinfo

Bega lamps on Vintageinfo

Many thanks to Frank from Flowermountain.be for the photos and the enthusiasm.

Kalmar Franken Melting Ice Glass Flush Mount

1990s until today

In the 1990’s, the great-grandson of the founder, Thomas Calice, shifted the company’s focus to international lighting projects. He phased out Kalmar’s own product lines and concentrated the company’s resources on the production of decorative, functional and technical lighting installations. The company has expanded in this specialized area and now produces prestigious custom designed and manufactured lighting installations throughout the world.

Lighting Installations

In recent years Kalmar has produced major lighting installations for government buildings and palaces, museums, theaters, hotels and cruise ships. These projects include the Presidential Palace of the Kremlin. The State Tretjakov Gallery in Moscow, the new Shanghai Grand Theater. Hotels including the Ritz Carlton in Berlin, Doha and Osaka. The Grand Hyatt in Dubai, the W-Hotel in Doha. Shangri-la hotels in Abu Dhabi, Beijing and Suzhou. The Hilton in Adelaide, Bahrain, Bangkok, London and Seoul and the Sheraton in Cairo, Frankfurt and Stockholm. As well as cruise ships such as Royal Caribbean International’s Voyager, Freedom and Genesis class ships and the Cunard Line’s RMS Queen Mary 2 and MS Queen Victoria. In addition to the Dubai and Jeddah Airports, the Burj Tower and the Qatar Education City Convention Center.

*In collaboration with Jonathan Browning Inc., a producer of highest quality lighting for interior designers and architecture firms, Kalmar Werkstätten, a sub brand of Kalmar, is currently offering reproductions of a series of seven historic designs based on Kalmar drawings to some of their American clients. Their distinct, simple elegance clearly evokes the essence and spirit of the Austrian Werkbund. Kalmar will also be marketing these designs in Europe, the Middle East and Asia. In addition, United Designers Ltd, an award winning, multidisciplinary consultancy based in London has adapted a selection of Kalmar designs for marketing in 2009. In march 2016 United Designers Ltd was dissolved after 22 years. Last accounts were made up to 31 March 2011.

Many thanks to Frank from Flowermountain.be for the photos and the enthusiasm.

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Kalmar Franken Melting Ice Glass Flush Mount

 

Materials: Polished Brass frame. Nine crystal hand blown Murano melting ice glass parts. Bakelite socket.

Height: 41 cm / 16.14”

Width: ∅ 36 cm / 14.17”

Electricity: 1 bulb E27, 1 x 75 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used, but a clear light bulb is preferred.

Period: 1970s.

Designer: To be appraised.

Manufacturer: Kalmar Franken KG, Vienna, Austria.

Other versions: Made in several variations. Also made as a pendant lamp, chandelier, several different models and wall lamps.

The glass of many lamps made by Kalmar was produced by the Italian company AV Mazzega from the Murano island. In all probability this glass too.

Kalmar Franken KG

Founded in Vienna by Julius August Kalmar in the 1880s, Kalmar first specialized in the production of hand crafted objects of cast bronze. The company soon established its practice of closely collaborating with prominent architects to create chandeliers and other cast bronze objects in Austria, Europe and the United States. Before long it was presenting custom-made wares at international exhibitions such as the 1888 Vienna Trade Exposition (Gewerbeausstellung Wien). The 1893 Chicago World’s Columbian Exposition. The 1901 Export Exposition Scandinavia and the 1906 Austrian Exhibition in Earl’s Court, London.

Julius Theodor Kalmar

After the turn of the century, Julius Theodor Kalmar, son of the original founder, studied under the renowned Austrian architect and designer Josef Hoffmann at the Vienna School of Applied Arts and the Birmingham School of Art and Design. Inspired by Josef Hoffmann and the arts and crafts movement of the era, Julius pushed the company in a new direction away from the eclectic style of the late 19th century. And in 1925 Kalmar designs began selling in Haus und Garten, an avant-garde shop for home furnishings founded by architects and designers Josef Frank and Oskar Wlach. The shop was to become a main venue of modern Austrian interior and lighting design. It has a trademark in the promotion of Viennese design abroad.

By 1931, Kalmar was concerned solely with designing and manufacturing high quality lamps and fixtures in cooperation with the architects of the Austrian Werkbund, an association of artists, craftsmen, architects and manufacturers founded in 1912. Their purpose was the promotion of a high regard for material, form and function in the hand crafted as well as industrial production of fine art and applied arts. They sought modernity by combining classical tradition and contemporary innovation. Recognized as a typically Viennese style by the 1930s, this “moderate modernity” integrated the ornament-stripped purism of Adolf Loos with more traditional elements.

Julius Theodor Kalmar saw lighting fixtures as “quite humble things, which fit in and serve their purpose of functionally illuminating living spaces without glare — and that is what it all comes down to, as far as lamps are concerned as well as in all aspects of life: fitting in with the given framework and with the overall concept.”

Designers

Thanks to the younger Kalmar’s involvement and personal acquaintance with the leading European architects of the day, the name Kalmar became associated with high quality modern design. The company flourished, producing light fittings for prominent Austrian architects and designers including Frank and Wlach. As well as Oskar Strnad, Clemens Holzmeister, Oswald Haerdtl, Ernst Plischke, and others. As the company grew, the size and scope of its contracts increased. And soon it was producing chandeliers and major installations for clients such as the Vienna Opera, the Burgtheater, the new theaters in Linz and Salzburg and the Vienna stock exchange.

During the 1960s and 70s, Kalmar became increasingly involved in the production of decorative glass objects. Initially designed for the retail market, the company’s mouth-blown and molded relief glass elements offered vast decorating possibilities in large or small areas.

As a result, the demand for Kalmar installations grew steadily. The company became more widely known among international design and architecture professionals.

BEGA Outdoor Flush Mounts or Wall Lamps

BEGA Outdoor Flush Mounts or Wall Lamps

 

Materials: Cylindrical black painted aluminium alloy, painted with some wrinkle paint. Opaque cylindrical glass. Porcelain socket.

Height: 17 cm / 6.69”

Width: ∅ 11 cm / 4.33”

Base Height: 6,5 cm / 2.55”

Electricity: 1 bulb E27, 1 x 60 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used, not a specific one preferred.

Period: 1970s, 1980s – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: The BEGA design team.

Manufacturer: BEGA Gantenbrink-Leuchten, Menden, Germany.

Other versions: These outdoor or garden lamps are model 4865. Made with different forms of glass. A round version, model 4870 won an iF Design Award in 1980. These wall lamps or flush mounts can be used inside or outside (IP 55).

BEGA

The BEGA company was founded in September 1945, at the end of the Second World War and started as a small business with 5 employees. BEGA received the “Medaille d’Or” at the international trade fair in Luxembourg in 1952. In 1958, BEGA construct the new multi-storey luminaire block with a few other companies at the largest industrial fair in the world in Hanover: an important and courageous step which finally leads to the “World Light Show“.

The complete history of the BEGA company can be found on their website. The company still exists and they make beautiful (industrial) lighting. Glashütte Limburg is a member of the BEGA group. BEGA received 275 iF Design Awards. You can find them over here on the iF Design website.

Glashütte Limburg

Glashütte Limburg was founded in 1946. The name Glashütte Limburg is no longer in use since 2017. 

One of the best known designers for Glashütte Limburg was Helena Tynell who created several amber bubble glass lamps for the company. They were made in many forms and sizes. Helena Tynell lived from 1918 until 2016. She was married to the famous designer Paavo Tynell (1890-1973).

Glashütte Limburg received 160 iF Design Awards. You can find them over here on the iF Design website.

Bega Outdoor Flush Mounts or Wall Lamps 4865 - Label

Bega Outdoor Flush Mounts or Wall Lamps 4865

Roger Tallon ERCO Spots ”Micro”

Hommage to Roger Tallon on Youtube

Roger Tallon – 60 years design – Franceinfo – 2 hours documentary on Youtube

Used in the book “Elseviers Praktische Huis Encyclopedie” edition 1982 to illustrate a section about sound equipment. (Elseviers Practical House Encyclopedia) Elsevier is a Dutch publishing company.

Roger Tallon Erco Spots “Micro” - Elseviers Praktische Huis Encyclopedie 1982

Roger Tallon Erco Spots ''Micro'' - Floor Stand

Roger Tallon Erco Spots ''Micro'' - Felt bottom

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Roger Tallon ERCO Spots “Micro”
pin-spot track lighting system

 

Materials: Metal, black and red plastic and aluminium, painted black. Bakelite, porcelain and metal sockets.

Total Height: 38 cm / 15.74”

Height: 28 cm / 15.74”

Width: ∅ 18 cm / 7.87”

Electricity: 1 bulb E27, 1 x 150 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used, but preferably a PAR38 reflectorlamp.

Period: 1970s – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: Roger Tallon (1929-2011) – father of the industrial design.

Manufacturer: ERCO GmbH, Lüdenscheid, Germany.

Other versions: Lamps on rail, floor lamps, table lamps, different models. Also made in white.

These lamps received the iF Design Award in 1977.

Roger Tallon

Designed in 1977 by the famous French industrial designer Roger Tallon, Born in Paris, 9 March 1929, died in Paris, 20 October 2011.  He created a large amount of beautiful things, the most original watches for LIP, staircases, furniture and off course the TGV, “Train à Grande Vitesse”, the high-speed train for Europe.

Roger Tallon worked for many companies, among others: Caterpillar France, DuPont, Technés, General Electric, LIP, Air France, Bata, Peugeot, Fenwick, Kodak, Salomon Group, Fluocaril, Elf, Terraillon, ERCO and so on.

These lamps published in books:
Taschen 1000 lights Vol.2 – 1960 to present, pages 292-293.
The Complete Designers Lights II, pages 312-313.

ERCO

ERCO was founded in 1934 by Arnold Reininger (1907-2003), Karl Reeber and Paul Buschhaus in Lüdenscheid, Germany and is still in family ownership. The company name ERCO represents a phonetic abbreviation of the founding name “Reininghaus & Co.“.

During the early years, ERCO produced parts for lamps. In particular a spring-supported retracting mechanism for hanging lights, as you can see with this pendant lamp.

In the 1930s the industrial production of complete luminaires was started. After the Second World War Arnold Reininger and Karl Reeber continued the company, co-founder Paul Buschhaus had died in the war.

Famous designers that worked for the ERCO company are Alois Ferdinand GangkofnerRoger TallonEttore SottsassEmilio AmbaszShiro KuramataGiancarlo PirettiDieter Witte Yves Béhar, Knud HolscherFranco ClivioNaoto Fukasawa and many others.

The company was awarded many times thanks to these great artists and the vision of the ERCO company. ERCO received 88 iF Design Awards

Roger Tallon 9 Erco Spots

Roger Tallon Erco Spots ''Micro'' - PAR38 spots

Roger Tallon Erco Spots ''Micro''

Roger Tallon ERCO Spots ''Micro'' - iF Design award 1977 - 33 732

iF Design award 1977 - 33 212

Glashütte Limburg Flush Mount 2773

Glashütte Limburg Ceiling Light 2773

Glashütte Limburg Ceiling Light 2773

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Glashütte Limburg Flush Mount or Wall Lamp 2773

 

Materials: Opaque crystal glass, brass. Metal ceiling piece, porcelain socket.

Height: 12,5 cm / 4.92”

Width: ∅ 29 cm / 11.41”

Electricity: 1 bulb E27, 1 x 100 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb with an E27 socket can be used. But preferably a white or frosted one. Clear bulbs create stripes.

Period: 1970s,1980s – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: To be appraised.

Model: 2773 mounted on a metal ceiling piece model 637.

Manufacturer: Glashütte Limburg, Glashüttenweg 1, 65549 Limburg an der Lahn – Germany.

Glashütte Limburg

Glashütte Limburg was founded in 1946. Today Glashütte Limburg is a member of the Bega group. The company still exists and they make beautiful (industrial) lighting. The name Glashütte Limburg is no longer in use since 2017. Bega was founded in 1945 by goldsmith and steel engraver Heinrich Gartenbrink

One of the best known designers for Glashütte Limburg was Helena Tynell who created several amber bubble glass lights for the company. They exist in many forms and sizes. Helena Tynell lived from 1918 until 2016. She was married to the famous designer Paavo Tynell (1890-1973).

Glashütte Limburg received 160 iF Design Awards. You can find them over here on the iF Design website.

 

Other Useful Links (external links open in a new window)

Limburg an der Lahn on Wikipedia

Helena Tynell on Wikipedia (only in Suomi (2017))

Glashütte Limburg website

History of the Bega company

Glashütte Limburg manufactures exclusive interior luminaires with natural gas

Bega website

Bega North America website

Other Glashütte Limburg lamps on Vintageinfo

Bega lamps on Vintageinfo

Glashütte Limburg Ceiling Light 2773

Glashütte Limburg Ceiling Light 2773

Bilumen Ballon Ceiling Lamp

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Bilumen Ballon Ceiling Lamp

 

Materials: White polyethylene (plastic). Plastic canopy. Bakelite socket.

Height: 37 cm / 14.56”

Width: 50 cm / 19.68”

Depth: 33 cm / 12.99”

Electricity: 1 bulb E27, max 75 watt, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used, not a specific one preferred. For this setup a white bulb was used, it gives the best result. 

Period: 1980s

Designer: Yves Christin in 1984.

Manufacturer: Bilumen srl, Milan, Italy.

Other versions: Exists in several colours and 2 sizes, the smallest is 26 cm / 10,23”. Can be used as a wall lamp but can also easily be converted into a table lamp. 

Bilumen

Bilumen was founded in 1910 by Alfredo Bianchi and it is a family business. The company started as A. Bianchi, a chandeliers producer. In 1969 the name changed into Bilumen. Bilumen is a contraction of Bianchi and Lumen.

Lumen is the SI derived unit of luminous flux, a measure of the total quantity of visible light emitted by a light source (symbol: lm).

Designers that worked for the company: Nuccio Bertone, Rodolfo Bonetto, Sergio Asti (the Paracarro lamp), Giugiaro Design, Vittorio Gregotti, Isao Hosoe (Valenti Hebi lamp), Hans Von Klier, Richard Sapper, Marco Zanuso, De Pas d’Urbino Lomazzi, Giorgina Castiglioni and many others.

Today the Ballon (French) or Palloncino (Italian for balloon) lamp is manufactured by Illum Kunstlicht from The Netherlands and made in 3 sizes: small, medium and big. The medium lamp is 35 cm / 13.77”.

Little is known about the French designer Yves Christin, but he also designed furniture for Antonageli, Biobject and Airborn.

According to the book “La Cote Du Design Edition 2010-2011, page 200” this lamp was designed in 1975, but on the Bilumen website they say 1984.

Bilumen Ballon Ceiling Lamp

Bilumen Ballon Ceiling Lamp

1970s Crackle Glass Bathroom Mirror Lamp

1970s Crackle Glass Bathroom Mirror Lamp

 

Materials: Crackle glass, White painted metal (iron),  some metal parts. Porcelain sockets.

Height: 9 cm / 3.54”

Width: 50 cm / 19.68”

Depth: 8,5 cm / 3.34”

Electricity: 3 x E14 bulbs, 3 x 40 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used, not a specific one preferred.

Period: 1970s.

Designer: To be appraised.

Manufacturer: Hillebrand-Leuchten, Neheim-Hüsten, Germany – attributed. 

Other versions: Hillebrand produced several different wall lamps in this “Murano” style. Different texture in the glass, other formats.

The glass of this wall lamp is made in the Barovier&Toso style. Barovier&Toso produced many lamps with this shape, often with gold flakes inside. Many companies made similar lamps. For example, Carl Fagerlund designed several lamps for Orrefors in this style in the 1960s. 

The label inside is written in 3 languages. First German, than English and underneath French.

Hillebrand

Egon Hillebrand Leuchtenfabrik, Neheim-Hüsten was founded on may 15, 1881 by plumbing and fitter master Egon Hillebrand as a producer of nickel silver lids for beer pitchers, established household appliances, kerosene lamps and storm and carriage lanterns.

With the arrival of the son Franz, the operation was switched to the turn of the century in the manufacture of electrical lighting fittings. 
Around 1955, the collection was a representative, quality Rustic line “lights for restaurants and farmers bars“. The company filed for bankruptcy in 1995.

Heinz Pfaender

Dr. Heinz Georg Pfaender was born 13 January 1928 in Heilbronn, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. He grew up in Kleingartach where his father Otto Hermann worked as a school teacher.

In 1933 the family moved to Stuttgart. After World War II he became an architect. Later he joined and headed the office of Wilhelm Wagenfeld in the same town. At that time Wagenfeld was Germany’s most influential designer.

In the late 1950s Heinz Pfaender moved to Darmstadt were he married Liselotte. He became one of the founders of the design department of the the local university.

During his career he wrote several books and designed many items: from small to heavy machinery to daily life goods. In 1961 he designed the Oslo table lamp and in 1963 the Bornholm desk lamp. Two design-icons of the Hillebrand company. He resigned as a professor in the mid 1990s.

Professor Dr. Heinz Georg Pfaender passed away on June 8, 2015. He left his wife, 2 children and 4 grandchildren behind.

Other designers that worked for Hillebrand 

Ernest Igl (1920-2001) designed several lamps for Hillebrand in the 1950s.

Odo Klose designed a floor lamp (model 5225).

Acciarri

The switch is made by Acciarri, an Italian company. Acciarri is an Italian family name, mostly found on the east coast of the country. Nothing to be found about this company, it must be long gone. Acciarri also produced switches and other electric parts for Reggiani, the famous Italian lightning company. Also Massive from Belgium used Acciarri parts. And many other companies, of course.

It is not so exceptional that the electrical components are Italian. Many European light producers used Italian parts.

1970s Crackle Glass Bathroom Mirror Lamp

Atomis Torpedo Picture Light

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Atomis Torpedo Picture Light

 

Materials: Brushed aluminium. Black painted metal (iron). Glass, porcelain socket, some metal and plastic parts.

Height: 54, 7 cm / 21.53”

Width: 35,5 cm / 13.97”

Ceiling Cap: 28,3 x 5 cm / 11.14 x 1.96”

Electricity: 1 bulb R7s, 118 mm / 0.30”, 1 x 120 watt maximum, 110/220 volt, halogen.

Period: 1990s.

Designers: To be appraised.

Manufacturer: Atomis Architectural Lighting, Atomis B.V., Jadelaan 33, 2132 XX Hoofddorp, The Netherlands.

Other versions: Unknown.

Special features: The lamp itself can rotate 360°. It also can be used as a ceiling lamp. 

Atomis B.V.

The Atomis Architectural Lighting company was founded in 1991. It has become a supplier of high quality innovative and durable products for the professional lighting market. Atomis focuses mainly on professional building lighting application areas such as offices, schools, universities, health care facilities, hotels, hospitality, city halls, swimming pools and retail.

Atomis has her own team of designers, product engineers and lighting specialists. All their luminaires have been designed and developed in house. Nearly all lighting is manufactured in The Netherlands.

Links (external links open in a new window)

History of the company on the Atomis website

Atomis website

Atomis Torpedo Picture Light - label

Atomis Torpedo Picture Light

Staff Oyster Wall Lamp

Different models

Staff Oyster Wall Lamp Gold

Staff Oyster Wall Lamp Gold

Staff Oyster Wall Lamp Black

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Staff Oyster Wall Lamp or Flush Mount

 

Materials: White painted metal (iron). Some metal parts, Bakelite sockets.

Height: 62 cm / 24.40”

Width: 62 cm / 24.40”

Electricity: 4 bulbs E27, 4 x 75 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used, not a specific one preferred.

Period: 1960s, 1970s – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: Rolf Krüger & Dieter Witte in 1968.

Manufacturer: Staff & Schwarz Leuchtenwerke GMBH, Lemgo, Germany.

Model number: A247

Other versions: Wall lamp or flush mount (recessed), different versions and designs. Also in copper and silver colour. Other colours were also available.

This lamp won the iF Design Award 1968 and the Rosenthal-Studio-Preis 1968.

iF Design Award 1968

Links (external links open in a new window)

StaffStaff & Schwarz Leuchtenwerk (lighting plant) – was established by Alfred Staff and Otto Schwarz in Lemgo, West Germany in 1945. In 1994 Zumtobel bought the company.

History of the company can be found here: 60 Years of Light from Lemgo – Zumtobel plant celebrates historic milestones

iF Design Award in 1968

Other Staff lamps on Vintageinfo

Staff also produced lamps for other companies. The Oyster lamp appears in the Danish Lyfa catalogue in 1972 and has the name Hannover.  Staff also produced lamps for the famous Italian brand Stilnovo.

Dieter Witte (1937-2008)

Dieter Witte went to school at the Kunstgewerbeschule Hannover (School of Applied Arts) in the German city Hanover. He has been working as a freelance lamp designer since 1966 for different industrial companies, including Osram, Erco and Staff. Many of his projects are design classics.

Staff A247 Oyster Red

Staff Oyster Wall Lamp - pink light

Staff Oyster Box

Staff Oyster Wall Lamp Manual

Staff Oyster Wall Lamp Back

Staff & Schwarz Leuchtenwerk Publicity

Staff & Schwarz Leuchtenwerk Publicity

Kalmar Franken Melting Ice Glass Pendant Lamp

1990s until today

In the 1990’s, the great-grandson of the founder, Thomas Calice, shifted the company’s focus to international lighting projects. He phased out Kalmar’s own product lines and concentrated the company’s resources on the production of decorative, functional and technical lighting installations. The company has expanded in this specialized area and now produces prestigious custom designed and manufactured lighting installations throughout the world.

Lighting Installations

In recent years Kalmar has produced major lighting installations for government buildings and palaces, museums, theaters, hotels and cruise ships. These projects include the Presidential Palace of the Kremlin. The State Tretjakov Gallery in Moscow, the new Shanghai Grand Theater. Hotels including the Ritz Carlton in Berlin, Doha and Osaka. The Grand Hyatt in Dubai, the W-Hotel in Doha. Shangri-la hotels in Abu Dhabi, Beijing and Suzhou. The Hilton in Adelaide, Bahrain, Bangkok, London and Seoul and the Sheraton in Cairo, Frankfurt and Stockholm. As well as cruise ships such as Royal Caribbean International’s Voyager, Freedom and Genesis class ships and the Cunard Line’s RMS Queen Mary 2 and MS Queen Victoria. In addition to the Dubai and Jeddah Airports, the Burj Tower and the Qatar Education City Convention Center.

*In collaboration with Jonathan Browning Inc., a producer of highest quality lighting for interior designers and architecture firms, Kalmar Werkstätten, a sub brand of Kalmar, is currently offering reproductions of a series of seven historic designs based on Kalmar drawings to some of their American clients. Their distinct, simple elegance clearly evokes the essence and spirit of the Austrian Werkbund. Kalmar will also be marketing these designs in Europe, the Middle East and Asia. In addition, United Designers Ltd, an award winning, multidisciplinary consultancy based in London has adapted a selection of Kalmar designs for marketing in 2009. In march 2016 United Designers Ltd was dissolved after 22 years. Last accounts were made up to 31 March 2011.

Many thanks to Frank from Flowermountain.be for the photos and the enthusiasm.

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Kalmar Franken Melting Ice Glass Pendant Lamp

 

Materials: Polished Brass frame. Nine crystal hand blown Murano melting ice glass parts. Bakelite socket.

Cord Length: 60 cm / 23.62”

Height: 30 cm / 11.81”

Width: ∅ 33 cm / 12.99”

Electricity: 1 bulb E27, 1 x 75 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used, but a clear light bulb is preferred.

Period: 1970s.

Designer: To be appraised.

Manufacturer: Kalmar Franken KG, Vienna, Austria.

Other versions: Made in several variations. Also made as a flush mount, chandelier, several different models and wall lamps.

The glass of many lamps made by Kalmar was produced by the Italian company AV Mazzega from the Murano island. In all probability this glass too.

Kalmar Franken KG

Founded in Vienna by Julius August Kalmar in the 1880s, Kalmar first specialized in the production of hand crafted objects of cast bronze. The company soon established its practice of closely collaborating with prominent architects to create chandeliers and other cast bronze objects in Austria, Europe and the United States. Before long it was presenting custom-made wares at international exhibitions such as the 1888 Vienna Trade Exposition (Gewerbeausstellung Wien). The 1893 Chicago World’s Columbian Exposition. The 1901 Export Exposition Scandinavia and the 1906 Austrian Exhibition in Earl’s Court, London.

Julius Theodor Kalmar

After the turn of the century, Julius Theodor Kalmar, son of the original founder, studied under the renowned Austrian architect and designer Josef Hoffmann at the Vienna School of Applied Arts and the Birmingham School of Art and Design. Inspired by Josef Hoffmann and the arts and crafts movement of the era, Julius pushed the company in a new direction away from the eclectic style of the late 19th century. And in 1925 Kalmar designs began selling in Haus und Garten, an avant-garde shop for home furnishings founded by architects and designers Josef Frank and Oskar Wlach. The shop was to become a main venue of modern Austrian interior and lighting design. It has a trademark in the promotion of Viennese design abroad.

By 1931, Kalmar was concerned solely with designing and manufacturing high quality lamps and fixtures in cooperation with the architects of the Austrian Werkbund, an association of artists, craftsmen, architects and manufacturers founded in 1912. Their purpose was the promotion of a high regard for material, form and function in the hand crafted as well as industrial production of fine art and applied arts. They sought modernity by combining classical tradition and contemporary innovation. Recognized as a typically Viennese style by the 1930s, this “moderate modernity” integrated the ornament-stripped purism of Adolf Loos with more traditional elements.

Julius Theodor Kalmar saw lighting fixtures as “quite humble things, which fit in and serve their purpose of functionally illuminating living spaces without glare — and that is what it all comes down to, as far as lamps are concerned as well as in all aspects of life: fitting in with the given framework and with the overall concept.”

Designers

Thanks to the younger Kalmar’s involvement and personal acquaintance with the leading European architects of the day, the name Kalmar became associated with high quality modern design. The company flourished, producing light fittings for prominent Austrian architects and designers including Frank and Wlach. As well as Oskar Strnad, Clemens Holzmeister, Oswald Haerdtl, Ernst Plischke, and others. As the company grew, the size and scope of its contracts increased. And soon it was producing chandeliers and major installations for clients such as the Vienna Opera, the Burgtheater, the new theaters in Linz and Salzburg and the Vienna stock exchange.

During the 1960s and 70s, Kalmar became increasingly involved in the production of decorative glass objects. Initially designed for the retail market, the company’s mouth-blown and molded relief glass elements offered vast decorating possibilities in large or small areas.

As a result, the demand for Kalmar installations grew steadily. The company became more widely known among international design and architecture professionals.

Staff Opaque Glass Flush Mount

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Staff Opaque Glass Flush Mount Or Wall Lamp

 

Materials: White plastic ceiling mount. White painted Bakelite sockets. Embossed aluminium reflector. Porcelain terminal block. Opaque frosted glass.

Height: 10 cm / 3.93”

Width: ∅ 50 cm / 19.68”

Electricity: 3 x E27 bulbs, 3 x 60 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulbs can be used. Not a specific one preferred.

Period: 1960s – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: The internal design team of Staff.

Manufacturer: Staff & Schwarz Leuchtenwerke GMBH, Lemgo, Germany.

Other versions: Made in several sizes. Also made quadrangular. This version is the biggest version.

Model number: 7007/7017/7057

Staff

Staff – Staff & Schwarz Leuchtenwerk (lighting plant) – was established by Alfred Staff and Otto Schwarz in Lemgo, (West) Germany in 1945.
Their business started as a shop for consumer goods in wood and metal as well as pesticide for controlling the Colorado potato beetle, a huge problem at that time.
Within a year they the company expanded with 15 employees and they were producing the first wrought iron luminaires. Over the next three decades, Staff was to develop into a world leader in design excellence, receiving over 200 awards for its achievements. In 1994 Zumtobel bought the company.

History of the company can be found here: 60 Years of Light from Lemgo – Zumtobel plant celebrates historic milestones

Other Staff lamps on Vintageinfo click here.

IF Design Awards for Staff

All external links open in a new window.

Staff Opaque Glass Flush Mount - Staff Label 7007

Staff Opaque Glass Flush Mount

Kalmar Palazzo Flush Mount

1990s until today

In the 1990’s, the great-grandson of the founder, Thomas Calice, shifted the company’s focus to international lighting projects. He phased out Kalmar’s own product lines and concentrated the company’s resources on the production of decorative, functional and technical lighting installations. The company has expanded in this specialized area and now produces prestigious custom designed and manufactured lighting installations throughout the world.

Lighting Installations

In recent years Kalmar has produced major lighting installations for government buildings and palaces, museums, theaters, hotels and cruise ships. These projects include the Presidential Palace of the Kremlin. The State Tretjakov Gallery in Moscow, the new Shanghai Grand Theater. Hotels including the Ritz Carlton in Berlin, Doha and Osaka. The Grand Hyatt in Dubai, the W-Hotel in Doha. Shangri-la hotels in Abu Dhabi, Beijing and Suzhou. The Hilton in Adelaide, Bahrain, Bangkok, London and Seoul and the Sheraton in Cairo, Frankfurt and Stockholm. As well as cruise ships such as Royal Caribbean International’s Voyager, Freedom and Genesis class ships and the Cunard Line’s RMS Queen Mary 2 and MS Queen Victoria. In addition to the Dubai and Jeddah Airports, the Burj Tower and the Qatar Education City Convention Center.

*In collaboration with Jonathan Browning Inc., a producer of highest quality lighting for interior designers and architecture firms, Kalmar Werkstätten, a sub brand of Kalmar, is currently offering reproductions of a series of seven historic designs based on Kalmar drawings to some of their American clients. Their distinct, simple elegance clearly evokes the essence and spirit of the Austrian Werkbund. Kalmar will also be marketing these designs in Europe, the Middle East and Asia. In addition, United Designers Ltd, an award winning, multidisciplinary consultancy based in London has adapted a selection of Kalmar designs for marketing in 2009. In march 2016 United Designers Ltd was dissolved after 22 years. Last accounts were made up to 31 March 2011.

Many thanks to Frank from Flowermountain.be for the photos and the enthusiasm.

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Kalmar Palazzo Flush Mount

 

Materials: Gold plated brass frame. Crystal glass “ice blocks”. Bakelite sockets.

Height: 35 cm / 13.77”

Width: ∅ 38 cm / 14.96”

Electricity: 7 bulb E14, 7 x 40 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used, but clear light bulbs are preferred.

Period: 1960s – 1970s.

Designer: To be appraised.

Manufacturer: Kalmar Franken KG, Vienna, Austria.

Other versions: Made in several versions. Also made as a chandelier and wall lamp.

The glass of many lamps made by Kalmar was produced by the Italian company AV Mazzega from the Murano island. Possibly this glass too.

Kalmar Franken KG

Founded in Vienna by Julius August Kalmar in the 1880s, Kalmar first specialized in the production of hand crafted objects of cast bronze. The company soon established its practice of closely collaborating with prominent architects to create chandeliers and other cast bronze objects in Austria, Europe and the United States. Before long it was presenting custom-made wares at international exhibitions such as the 1888 Vienna Trade Exposition (Gewerbeausstellung Wien). The 1893 Chicago World’s Columbian Exposition. The 1901 Export Exposition Scandinavia and the 1906 Austrian Exhibition in Earl’s Court, London.

Julius Theodor Kalmar

After the turn of the century, Julius Theodor Kalmar, son of the original founder, studied under the renowned Austrian architect and designer Josef Hoffmann at the Vienna School of Applied Arts and the Birmingham School of Art and Design. Inspired by Josef Hoffmann and the arts and crafts movement of the era, Julius pushed the company in a new direction away from the eclectic style of the late 19th century. And in 1925 Kalmar designs began selling in Haus und Garten, an avant-garde shop for home furnishings founded by architects and designers Josef Frank and Oskar Wlach. The shop was to become a main venue of modern Austrian interior and lighting design. It has a trademark in the promotion of Viennese design abroad.

By 1931, Kalmar was concerned solely with designing and manufacturing high quality lamps and fixtures in cooperation with the architects of the Austrian Werkbund, an association of artists, craftsmen, architects and manufacturers founded in 1912. Their purpose was the promotion of a high regard for material, form and function in the hand crafted as well as industrial production of fine art and applied arts. They sought modernity by combining classical tradition and contemporary innovation. Recognized as a typically Viennese style by the 1930s, this “moderate modernity” integrated the ornament-stripped purism of Adolf Loos with more traditional elements.

Julius Theodor Kalmar saw lighting fixtures as “quite humble things, which fit in and serve their purpose of functionally illuminating living spaces without glare — and that is what it all comes down to, as far as lamps are concerned as well as in all aspects of life: fitting in with the given framework and with the overall concept.”

Designers

Thanks to the younger Kalmar’s involvement and personal acquaintance with the leading European architects of the day, the name Kalmar became associated with high quality modern design. The company flourished, producing light fittings for prominent Austrian architects and designers including Frank and Wlach. As well as Oskar Strnad, Clemens Holzmeister, Oswald Haerdtl, Ernst Plischke, and others. As the company grew, the size and scope of its contracts increased. And soon it was producing chandeliers and major installations for clients such as the Vienna Opera, the Burgtheater, the new theaters in Linz and Salzburg and the Vienna stock exchange.

During the 1960s and 70s, Kalmar became increasingly involved in the production of decorative glass objects. Initially designed for the retail market, the company’s mouth-blown and molded relief glass elements offered vast decorating possibilities in large or small areas.

As a result, the demand for Kalmar installations grew steadily. The company became more widely known among international design and architecture professionals.

Doria Amber Glass Flush Mounts

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Doria Amber Glass Flush Mounts or Wall Lamps

 

Materials: Aluminium ceiling mount and parts. Amber coloured hand blown crystal bubble glass. Metal socket.

Model 1

Width: ∅ 35 cm / 13.77”

Depth: 16 cm / 6.29”

Model 2

Width: ∅ 27 cm / 10.62”

Depth: 11 cm / 4.33”

Electricity: 1 bulb E27, 1 x 75 watt maximum, 110/220 volt
Any type of light bulb can be used, but a gold-cupped light bulb is preferred. 

Period: 1960s, 1970s – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: To be appraised.

Manufacturer: Doria-Werkstätten, Walter Donner GmbH & Co. KG, Fürth, Germany.

Other versions: Also made with clear bubble glass.

Doria-Werkstätten, Walter Donner GmbH & Co. KG was founded after the second World War in Fürth, near Nürnberg, Germany in 1948. the company no longer exists. Doria was declared bankrupt in 1986.

Links (external links open in a new window)

Doria-Werkstätten Walter Donner GmbH & Co. KG won several iF-Design Awards. You can find them over here: IF-Design Awards Doria Werk.

Designers that worked for Doria:

Wilhelm Braun Feldweg (1908-1998)
In 1965 he designed the table lamps Avus, Berlin-Serie, Modell 101.
Wikipedia Wilhelm Braun Feldweg
Wilhelm Braun Feldweg website: bf-Design

Wolfgang Tümpel (1903-1978)
Wikipedia Wolfgang Tümpel

Amber (colour) on Wikipedia

Other Doria lamps on Vintageinfo

Many thanks to Frank from Flowermountain.be for the pictures and the enthusiasm.

Staff Bubble Glass Flush Mount

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Staff Bubble Glass Flush Mount Or Wall Lamp

 

Materials: White plastic ceiling mount. White painted Bakelite sockets. Embossed aluminium reflector. Porcelain terminal block. Crystal bubble glass.

Height: 10 cm / 3.93”

Width: ∅ 38 cm / 14.96”

Electricity: 3 x E27 bulbs, 3 x 60 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulbs can be used. Not a specific one preferred.

Period: 1960s – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: The internal design team of Staff.

Manufacturer: Staff & Schwarz Leuchtenwerke GMBH, Lemgo, Germany.

Other versions: Made in several sizes and used in many forms. Also made as a pendent lamp, a combined pendant lamp, table lamps and others. Also made quadrangular. A nice example of a pendant chandelier with similar glass parts as this flush mount or wall lamp can be found here on Vintageinfo. The biggest version of this flush mount is  ∅ 50 cm / 19.68”.

Model number: 7006/7016/7056

Often attributed to Helena Tynell, but here bubble lamps are different. She designed bubble lamps for Glashütte Limburg in the 1960s, another famous German light company. More info about those lamps can be found here on Vintageinfo.

These lamps were made for a very long time, they were a big success. They were produced from the 1960s until the 1980s with some slight variations. Several bubble lamps from Staff are on display here on Vintageinfo.

Staff

Staff – Staff & Schwarz Leuchtenwerk (lighting plant) – was established by Alfred Staff and Otto Schwarz in Lemgo, (West) Germany in 1945.
Their business started as a shop for consumer goods in wood and metal as well as pesticide for controlling the Colorado potato beetle, a huge problem at that time.
Within a year they the company expanded with 15 employees and they were producing the first wrought iron luminaires. Over the next three decades, Staff was to develop into a world leader in design excellence, receiving over 200 awards for its achievements. In 1994 Zumtobel bought the company.

History of the company can be found here: 60 Years of Light from Lemgo – Zumtobel plant celebrates historic milestones

Other Staff lamps on Vintageinfo click here.

iF Design Award 1967

This flush mount or wall lamp has won an iF-design award in 1967. It can be found here on the iF-design website: model 7006

Staff Bubble Glass Flush Mount - Label

Staff Bubble Glass Flush Mount - Ceiling Mount

Chromed Saturn Wall Lamp

The Massive labels explained in 4 pictures

Mass. Max. 60 W. = Massimo is Italian, Maximum is used in all other European languages were Massive sold lamps during that period. 60 Watt.

Chromed Saturn Wall Lamp - Massive labels - Mass. Max. 60 W. (Massimo (Italian) Maximum (all other European languages) 60 Watt)

Massive Label

Massive Label Max. 60 W.

Massive Label Max. 60 W.

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Chromed Saturn Wall Lamp

 

Materials: Chromed metal (iron). Bakelite socket.

Height: 15 cm / 5.90” – with lightbulb.

Height: 11,5 cm / 4.52”

Width: ∅ 16 cm / 6.29”

Electricity: 1 bulb E27, 1 x 75 watt maximum, 110/220 volt
Any type of light bulb with an E27 socket can be used, not a specific one preferred. For this setup a silver cup light bulb was used. 

Period: 1960s, 1970s – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: To be appraised.

Manufacturer: Massive, Kontich and Wommelgem, Belgium.

This wall lamp or flush mount is the Massive copy of a lamp that was probably produced for the first time by Reggiani Spa Illuminazione, as you can see below. The Reggiani lamp has 6 rings, a smaller base and it lacks a chromed tube around the Bakelite socket. But, to say the least, the Massive lamp is nicer…

Lamps in this style were designed by Hans Agne Jakobsson, Kazuo Motozawa and several other designers. Also the Italian brand LOM from Milan produced a lamp like this one, but with an opaque glass diffuser on top and with two light bulbs.

Massive 

Massive was in origin a bronze foundry and they produced mainly candlesticks, crucifixes and chandeliers in Wilrijk near Antwerp, Belgium. The company was founded in 1926 by Pieter-Jozef De Jaeck. His son Eddy De Jaeck was responsible for the huge expansion of the company in the 1970s. But it were his sons, Piet and Jan De Jaeck who made Massive a true multinational. Thus, they moved production to Eastern Europe and China.

In the 1980s Massive Lighting became the leading brand in Europe. In 2002, the brothers left the company to the investment fund CVC Capital Partners, for allegedly more than 250 million euros. 
Since 2008 the company is owned by Philips and the name of the shops is changed into Light Gallery.

When the takeover by Philips was announced in November 2006 Massive commercialized more than 10.000 lighting products under brand names such as MassiveTRIO and Lirio. The group had about 5.000 employees worldwide and was active in 70 countries.

Reggiani

Goffredo Reggiani founded the company in the Italian town of Monza in 1957 and designed most of the lamps himself. In the beginning Goffredo most often used plywood and sanitized opaque glass in his designs as you can see in this example, giving his lights a Scandinavian look. Later in the 1960s and 1970s his interest shifted towards brass and chromed metal. 
The Reggiani company still exists.

This lamp is equipped with an Acciarri switch. Acciarri is an Italian family name, mostly found on the east coast of the country. Inside the switch it says Acciarri Italy. Nothing to be found about this company. The model of the switch and the plug suggest that this is a 1950s – early 1960s lamp. Ditto for the electrical parts inside.

Reggiani Chromed Saturn Lamp

Reggiani Chromed Saturn Lamp

Massive Chromed Saturn Lamp

Chromed Saturn Wall Lamp

Martinelli Luce Bolla Flush Mount

Martinelli Luce Bolla Flush Mount or Wall Lamp

 

Materials: Acrylic lampshade, anodized aluminium. White painted metal (iron) ceiling plate Bakelite or porcelain sockets.

Height: 22 cm / 8.66”

Lampshade: 49 x 49 cm / 19.29 x 19.29”

Width: 52 x 52 cm / 20.47 x 20.47”

Electricity: bulbs E27, 2 x 60 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used. But preferably opaque, frosted or white light bulbs.

Period: 1960s – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: Elio Martinelli (1921 – 2004)

Manufacturer:  Martinelli Luce S.P.A. (Società per azioni – Joint-stock company), Via Santa Lucia, 9, 55100 Lucca, Italy. Some 80 km (50 miles) away from Florence and 20 km (13 miles) from Pisa. 

Other versions: Made in several sizes and some slight variations during the years: round corners, black painted aluminium, table and floor lamps. Also a very big flush mount (some 2 x 2 meters – 79”) was produced for a short while.

Martinelli Luce

Martinelli Luce was founded in 1950 by Elio Martinelli. He focused originally on interior design and on lamps for retail outlets, hotels, restaurants, and public houses. Designers that worked for the company: Adolini+Simonini Associati, Gae Aulenti, Sergio Asti, Michel Bouquillon, Marco De Santi – Studio Natural, Angelo Micheli, Studio Orlandini, Luc Ramael, Karim Rashid, Marc Sadler, Studio Lucchi & Biserni, Brian Sironi, , Studio 4P1B and many others.

Elio Martinelli

Elio Martinelli was born in Lucca, Tuscany in 1921. He studied as a set designer at the Institute of Fine Arts in Florence. At first he worked for  his father’s business within the lighting sector. Soon he began designing and installing his own lighting systems what resulted in the founding of his own company Martinelli Luce in 1950.

Elio Martinelli designed many famous lamps, some of them are still in production. The Biconica, Cavallo Pazzo, Cobra, Foglia, Flex, Geronimo, Nuvole Vagabonde, Serpente, to name the most important.

His works are on display in many design museums around the world. Martinelli worked until his dead in 2004 for the company.

2 Martinelli Luce Bolla lamps were spotted on the vintage design fair Les Puces du Design in Paris, France in April 2018.

Big Martinelli Luce Bolla Flush Mounts/Wall Lamps - Les Puces du Design 2018

ERCO Flush Mount

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FMCL00004

ERCO Flush Mount 

 

Materials: Gold coloured anodized aluminium. Red Bakelite canopy with 3 light fittings. Some early plastic canvas.

Height: 14 cm / 5.51”

Width: ∅ 65 cm / 25.59”

Electricity: 3 bulbs E27, 3 x 60 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used, not a specific one preferred. 

Period: 1950s – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: To be appraised.

Manufacturer: ERCO GmbH, Brockhauser Weg 80-82, 58507 Lüdenscheid, Germany.

Other versions: Several drawings on the canvas were used for this lamp. Also made in glass with different designs. Made in a few sizes.

ERCO

ERCO was founded in 1934 by Arnold Reininger (1907-2003), Karl Reeber and Paul Buschhaus in Lüdenscheid, Germany. The company name ERCO represents a phonetic abbreviation of the founding name “Reininghaus & Co.“.

The company is still in family ownership. During the early years, ERCO produced parts for lamps. In particular a spring-supported retracting mechanism for pendant lamps.

In the 1930s the industrial production of complete luminaires was started. After the Second World War Arnold Reininger and Karl Reeber continued the company, co-founder Paul Buschhaus had died in the war.

Designers that worked for the ERCO company are Aloys Ferdinand Gangkofner, Roger Tallon, Ettore Sottsass, Emilio Ambasz, Shiro Kuramata, Giancarlo Piretti, Dieter Witte,  Yves Béhar, Knud Holscher, Franco Clivio, Naoto Fukasawa and many others.

The company was awarded many times thanks to these great artists and the vision of the ERCO company. ERCO received 88 iF Design Awards

Many thanks to Frank from Flowermountain.be for the pictures and the enthusiasm.