Vintage Info – All About Vintage Lighting

Wall Lamps and Sconces

Wall Lamps and Sconces

Lighting designed for the wall. Mounted on or hanging on the wall. All vintage lighting from the 20th century. Biographies of the designers and histories of the companies. ID your vintage lamps!

1970s Staff Spotlights

Models 5508, 5509, 5518, 5519, lamps from this series but different colours, received the iF Design Award in 1973. (discipline: product)

1970s Staff Spotlights

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1970s Staff Spotlights 7620

 

Materials: Brown metallic painted plastic. Some metal parts. Chromed iron rod. Black plastic ceiling cap. Porcelain socket.

Lampholder: ∅ 14,2 x 15,5 cm / 5.59 x 6.10”

Rod: +- 12 cm / 4.72”

Ceiling Mount: ∅ 8 cm / 3.14”

Electricity: 1 bulb E27 PAR 38, 1 x 150 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used, but a PAR 38 spotlight is recommended.

Period: 1970s – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: A. Berges (no information to be found about the designer).

Manufacturer: Staff & Schwarz Leuchtenwerke GMBH, Lemgo, Germany.

Other versions: Made in several sizes and colours. Also made as a pendant lamp, spotlight on rail, table lamp, floor lamp. These flush mounts are also used as a wall lamp.

Model number: 007620 – 150 watt.

Staff

StaffStaff & Schwarz Leuchtenwerk (lighting plant) – was established by Alfred Staff and Otto Schwarz in Lemgo, (West) Germany in 1945.
Their business started as a shop for consumer goods in wood and metal as well as pesticide for controlling the Colorado potato beetle, a huge problem at that time.
Within a year they the company expanded with 15 employees and they were producing the first wrought iron luminaires. Over the next three decades, Staff was to develop into a world leader in design excellence, receiving over 200 awards for its achievements. Staff also produced lamps for other companies such as Stilnovo (Italy) and Lyfa (Denmark). In 1994 Zumtobel bought the company.

Links (external links open in a new window)

History of the company can be found here: 60 Years of Light from Lemgo – Zumtobel plant celebrates historic milestones

iF Design Awards for this type of lights can be found here on the iF Design website: model 5508, model 5509, model 5518, model 5519.

Colorado potato beetle on Wikipedia as an agricultural pest

Staff lamps on Vintageinfo

Lamps from the same series on Vintageinfo:

Staff pendant lamps model 5517

Staff pendant lamps model 5518

1970s Staff Spotlights 7620

1970s Staff Spotlights 7620 - Staff label

Gaetano Sciolari Boulanger Flush Mount

Gaetano Sciolari Boulanger Flush Mount

 

Materials: Chromed metal (iron) ceiling piece. 9 chromed metal tubes. Some iron and brass parts. Bakelite sockets.

Height: 35 cm / 13.77”

Width: ∅ 29 cm / 11.41”

Electricity: 9 bulbs E14, 9 x 40 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used, not a specific one preferred.
For this setup  a silver cup/crown/bowl light bulb was used.

Period: 1960s, 1970s, 1980s  – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: Gaetano Sciolari (1927-1994).

Manufacturer: Société Anonyme Boulanger, Liège, Belgium.

Other versions: Also made as a big floor lamp with 3 globe lamps. A flush mount with 3 and 6 lamps and made in brass with long and short tubes. In the late 1970s, early 1980s they were also produced in white. These lamps were also used as wall lamps and even as a table lamp.

The original light bulbs were elongate. An example is here. These bulbs are no longer in production. Nowadays, they sell LED versions.

Angelo Gaetano Sciolari

Angelo Sciolari graduated with a degree in architecture but wanted to be a filmmaker. This course came to an abrupt end when in 1949 his father suddenly died and he took over the Sciolari Lighting company at the age of 22.

His first designs in the 1950s were Sputnik inspired pendants; off course it was the space age.

In the 1960s he created refined, futuristic and sharp classical style chandeliers. Lines were clean and sculptural and materials such as crystal and ice glass sparkled with a voluptuously luxurious coolness and he started combining brass with chrome.

He led the family business with a passionate vision and within years, he expanded the business and started working with other light companies worldwide.

Gaetano Sciolari created lamps or Stilnovo and Stilkronen (Italy), Lightolier and Progress Lighting (USA), S.A. Boulanger (Belgium). Helestra and Leola (Germany), Lyfa (Denmark) and off course for his own Italian family business; the Sciolari company in Rome and Milan, where all the lighting business in Italy at that time was present. Many of his designs were produced under licence by those companies.

Sciolari was the founder and the first president of the trade association of Italian manufacturers of lighting fixtures, the AIDI. The Associazione Italiana di Illuminazione was founded in 1958 and still exists today.

Sciolari Illuminazione started business in 1892 and still exist.

Boulanger

Unfortunately, not much is known about the company. S.A. Boulanger is famous for the large amount of lamps the company produced that are designed by Gaetano Sciolari. S.A. Boulanger ended business somewhere in the early 1980s. There is nothing to be found in the Belgian Official Journal about the company/factory. The journal goes back to 1983. The company is not to be confused by the other Boulanger company from Belgium: Les Ateliers Boulanger NV from Brussels. More info about the company over here.

VLM Components

All the electric parts were made by VLM Components in the 1960s. The company was founded in 1945 in Buccinasco, a small village near Milan, Italy. The company became famous for the switches they produce since 1968, designed by Achille Castiglioni.
VLM is part of the Relco Group, founded in 1967. Today they are the owners of the brands RelcoLeuciRelco LightingVLM and Segno.

Gaetano Sciolari Boulanger Flush Mount - 9 light bulbs

Gaetano Sciolari Boulanger Flush Mount - 9 light bulbs

Raak Chartres Blue-Green Glass Wall Lamp

Willem van Oyen Sr. at work in his factory “BEVO glasindustrie”.

Raak Chartres Wall Lamp - Willem van Oyen senior at work

Raal Chartres Wall Lamp C-1649 - Raak Catalogue

The Raak Chartres Wall Lamp was used as a prop in the French film Le Corps De Mon Ennemi (Body of my enemy) from 1976 with Jean-Paul Belmondo. Many Raak lamps together with Stilnovo and Harvey Guzzini lamps appear in this movie.  

Raak Chartres Wall Lamps in the film Le Corps De Mon Ennemi (1976)

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Raak Chartres Blue-Green Glass Wall Lamp

 

Materials: White painted metal frame. Coloured broken glass on reinforced glass. Metal sockets.

Height: 37 cm / 14.56”

Depth: 14 cm / 5.51”

Width: 24 cm / 9.44”

Electricity: 2 bulbs E27, 2 x 60 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb with an E27 screw base can be used, not a specific one preferred.

Period: 1960s, 1970s – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: Willem van Oyen Sr. (1921-2004).

Manufacturer: Raak, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Other versions: Made in several sizes and also made in red with 2 E14 bulbs. Special models

Willem van Oyen Senior

Willem van Oyen Senior had a small factory that produced these lamps for Raak Amsterdam, known asBEVO glasindustrie“. They are all handmade and therefore slightly different. The Bevo company still exist today and is now owned by his son, Willem van Oyen Junior.

These large brutalist wall lamps were inspired by the stained glass windows of the famous Chartres Cathedral in France, also known as the Cathedral of Our Lady of Chartres, about 80 kilometres (50 mi) south-west of Paris.

A. Lankhorst

The handmade glass art of these wall lamps is the work of glass artist Willem van Oyen Sr. There are several references on the internet attributing them to A. Lankhorst. Lankhorst was an architect who used these wall lamps to decorate restaurant “Dijkstra” in Zwolle, The Netherlands, mentioned in the Raak Catalogue 7 from 1970 as you can see on the picture below.

Raak

The Dutch company Raak was founded in 1954 by Carel O. Lockhorn (18 June 1923 – 6 October 2004), a previous employee of Philips Lighting Eindhoven. Raak, which means “to hit” in Dutch, implies design which precisely “hits the nail on the head”.

Raak is best known for their organic modern design of the 1960s and 1970s which combined glass & metals for a sophisticated futuristic style.

The light company collaborated with several international designers and architects, including Bertrand BalasEvert Jelle JellesFrank LigtelijnGer VosJan Jasper FayerLi HeloMaija-Liisa KomulainenNan PlatvoetNanny Still-MackinneyNico KooiSergio AstiTapio WirkalaWillem van Oyen and many others.

Raak also collaborated with other companies. They worked with the German Peill + Putzler for the Raak Globe lamps. Peill + Putzler produced the glass. They also sold lamps made by Peill + Putzler, such as a pendant lamp designed by Aloys Ferdinand Gangkofner. For the Raak Discus the glass was made by Bega, also a German company. For the Night Club and Stalactites lamps a cooperation with the Belgian Val Saint Lambert was undertaken in the late 1950s. Raak also sold some lamps that were produced by Staff Leuchten (Staff & Schwarz Leuchtenwerke GMBH) from Germany,  and several other companies.

Carel Lockhorn sold the company in 1974 to ITT but remained a director until 1977. In 1980 Raak merged with BIS Lighting from Aalsmeer, also in The Netherlands and was renamed into BisRaak. In 1986 the Raak company became independent again. The company got a business appearance and only the colors white, black and gray were still processed.

In 1999, Raak merged with Artilite B.V. and Indoor B.V. and became CLA: Centrum voor Lichtarchitectuur B.V. in Drachten (Center for Light Architecture). Lichtarchitectuur (light architecture) was the Raak tagline from the beginning in the 1950s. The Center for Lighting Architecture was founded by Egbert Keen. The company was declared bankrupt on 19-05-2011.

Original Dutch text in the catalogues

Smeltschilderijen
Chartres: zoals kerkramen gebrandschilderd zijn, zo zijn deze glasplastieken ‘gesmeltschilderd’. Op een basis van gewapend glas is een compositie kleurglas gesmolten. Geen twee plastieken zijn hetzelfde, maar ze zijn stuk voor stuk vitaal als een schilderij uit de Cobra-school…

C-1649 hoogte 37 cm, breedte 20 cm. sprong 12 cm, 2 lampen elk tot 75W, bij voorkeur helder.

English translation:

Melt paintings
Chartres: as church windows stained, so are these glass sculptures melt painted. On a base of reinforced glass is a composite colour glass melted. No two sculptures are the same, but they are all vital like a painting from the Cobra art school …

In the price list of January 1973 these lights were sold for 159 gulden, +- 80 euro.

Restaurant Dijkstra Zwolle - Raak Chartres Wall Lamps - Architekt A. Lankhorst Junior - Catalogue picture

Raak Chartres Wall Lamp - inside, electric parts + label

Nanbu Kreo-Lite aiai NA-718 Table Lamp

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Nanbu Kreo-Lite aiai NA-718 Table Lamp

 

Materials: Orange/red acrylic, black acrylic. Orange/red painted aluminium lampshade, painted white inside. Chromed iron hinge. Transformer 220 volt – 12 volt/6 volt inside.

Max Height: 35,5 / 13.97”

Height: 11 cm / 4.33”

Width: 8 cm / 3.14”

Base: 7,5 x 8 cm  / 2.95 x 3.14”

Electricity: 1 bulb 15CP, 12 volt,  13 watt, 220-240 volt.
Switch with two settings, high and low. (6 and 12 volt)

Period: 1970s – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: To be appraised.

Manufacturer: Nanbu LTD, Japan –  Nanbu Industrial Co. Ltd, Hong Kong, Kreo Co LTD.

Other versions: Made in several colours and made with a switch left-right and a switch up-down. Made with an aluminium front or only a black plastic front. These lamps were a big hit and were produced for several years, starting from the early 70s.

Model number NA-718, named aiaiThe aiai lamp can also be used as a wall lamp. A recess is provided.

This aiai table lamp has no label. Only “Made in Hong Kong” molded in the bottom.

Nanbu

A company with the name Nanbu Industrial Co. Ltd from Hong Kong exists. If it got anything to do with the company from the 1970s is unclear. According to some sources it was founded around 2008. Maybe the legal status changed or it is another firm. Nanbu is an import and export company.

The Nanbu LTD company in Japan no longer exists. No information to be found. Another Nanbu company exists, but it was founded in 1981 and is named Nanbu Plastics Co.,LTD.

Kreo

Kreo Co LTD was founded in 1968. Today it is an advertising company. Also Kreo Industrial Co Ltd exists. It was founded in 1985 according to Bloomberg and it is specialized in lighting. Most likely, the company was split up. Kreo Lite was part of Nanbu Industrial Co. Ltd from Hong Kong, as you can see on the labels from two different aiai table lamps.

Designed in the style of the famous Pillola (pill) table lamp designed by Studio D.A., Italy for Ponteur in 1968.

Several cities in Japan are called Nanbu. It was also a Japanese samurai clan.  

Nanbu Kreo-Lite aiai NA-718 Table Lamp - Nanbu label

Nanbu Kreo-Lite aiai NA-718 Table Lamp - Kreo Co. LTD. label

Kalmar Tulipan Wall Lamp

Kalmar Franken KG Tulipan Wall Lamp 20 WA – Catalogue 1970 & 1972

Kalmar Tulipan 20 WA - 1972 Catalogue

Kalmar Tulipan Wall Lamp

Kalmar Tulipan Wall Lamp

Kalmar Catalogue 1970

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Kalmar Franken Tulipan Wall Lamp 20 WA

 

Materials: Metal frame and brass parts. 20 hand blown crystal glass “Tulipan” tulip/onion bulbs. Metal sockets.

Height: 28 cm / 11,02”

Width: 44 cm / 17,32”

Depth: 16 cm / 6.29”

Electricity: 6 bulbs E14, 6 x 25 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used, not a specific one preferred. However, small clear light bulbs gives the best result. 

Period: 1960s, 1970s – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: Julius Theodor Kalmar.

Manufacturer: Kalmar Franken KG, Vienna, Austria.

Other versions: Also made as chandelier, ceiling lamp, flush mount and many other types of lamps. From small to big lamps in all forms and sizes. You can find the Tulipan lamps and many others in a catalogue here on Vintageinfo: J.T. Kalmar KG, Franken KG – Catalogue 1972.

Murano

In all probability the glass for these lamps is hand blown in Murano, Italy. Kalmar used glass for many other lamps produced by the AV Mazzega company from the Venetian island.

These glass tulip bulbs are made with small bubbles inside the glass. The technique is named pulegoso.

Pulegoso

Italian word taken from the dialect word pulega, which means bubble. The glass is containing numerous bubbles of all sizes, produced by adding bicarbonate/soda, gasoline, or other substances to the glass. The bubbles make the glass semi-opaque and give the surface an irregular texture. The technique was developed in the 1920s by Napoleone Martinuzzi (1892-1977) on the island of Murano, Italy and used for the first time by the famous Venini company.

Kalmar Franken KG

Founded in Vienna by Julius August Kalmar in the 1880s, Kalmar first specialized in the production of hand crafted objects of cast bronze. The company soon established its practice of closely collaborating with prominent architects to create chandeliers and other cast bronze objects in Austria, Europe and the United States. Before long it was presenting custom-made wares at international exhibitions such as the 1888 Vienna Trade Exposition (Gewerbeausstellung Wien). The 1893 Chicago World’s Columbian Exposition. The 1901 Export Exposition Scandinavia and the 1906 Austrian Exhibition in Earl’s Court, London.

Julius Theodor Kalmar

After the turn of the century, Julius Theodor Kalmar, son of the original founder, studied under the renowned Austrian architect and designer Josef Hoffmann at the Vienna School of Applied Arts and the Birmingham School of Art and Design. Inspired by Josef Hoffmann and the arts and crafts movement of the era, Julius pushed the company in a new direction away from the eclectic style of the late 19th century. And in 1925 Kalmar designs began selling in Haus und Garten, an avant-garde shop for home furnishings founded by architects and designers Josef Frank and Oskar Wlach. The shop was to become a main venue of modern Austrian interior and lighting design. It has a trademark in the promotion of Viennese design abroad.

By 1931, Kalmar was concerned solely with designing and manufacturing high quality lamps and fixtures in cooperation with the architects of the Austrian Werkbund, an association of artists, craftsmen, architects and manufacturers founded in 1912. Their purpose was the promotion of a high regard for material, form and function in the hand crafted as well as industrial production of fine art and applied arts. They sought modernity by combining classical tradition and contemporary innovation. Recognized as a typically Viennese style by the 1930s, this “moderate modernity” integrated the ornament-stripped purism of Adolf Loos with more traditional elements.

Julius Theodor Kalmar saw lighting fixtures as “quite humble things, which fit in and serve their purpose of functionally illuminating living spaces without glare — and that is what it all comes down to, as far as lamps are concerned as well as in all aspects of life: fitting in with the given framework and with the overall concept.”

Designers

Thanks to the younger Kalmar’s involvement and personal acquaintance with the leading European architects of the day, the name Kalmar became associated with high quality modern design. The company flourished, producing light fittings for prominent Austrian architects and designers including Frank and Wlach. As well as Oskar StrnadClemens HolzmeisterOswald HaerdtlErnst Plischke, and others. As the company grew, the size and scope of its contracts increased. And soon it was producing chandeliers and major installations for clients such as the Vienna Opera, the Burgtheater, the new theaters in Linz and Salzburg and the Vienna stock exchange.

During the 1960s and 70s, Kalmar became increasingly involved in the production of decorative glass objects. Initially designed for the retail market, the company’s mouth-blown and molded relief glass elements offered vast decorating possibilities in large or small areas.

As a result, the demand for Kalmar installations grew steadily. The company became more widely known among international design and architecture professionals.

1990s until today

In the 1990’s, the great-grandson of the founder, Thomas Calice, shifted the company’s focus to international lighting projects. He phased out Kalmar’s own product lines and concentrated the company’s resources on the production of decorative, functional and technical lighting installations. The company has expanded in this specialized area and now produces prestigious custom designed and manufactured lighting installations throughout the world.

Lighting Installations

In recent years Kalmar has produced major lighting installations for government buildings and palaces, museums, theaters, hotels and cruise ships. These projects include the Presidential Palace of the Kremlin. The State Tretjakov Gallery in Moscow, the new Shanghai Grand Theater. Hotels including the Ritz Carlton in Berlin, Doha and Osaka. The Grand Hyatt in Dubai, the W-Hotel in Doha. Shangri-la hotels in Abu Dhabi, Beijing and Suzhou. The Hilton in Adelaide, Bahrain, Bangkok, London and Seoul and the Sheraton in Cairo, Frankfurt and Stockholm. As well as cruise ships such as Royal Caribbean International’s Voyager, Freedom and Genesis class ships and the Cunard Line’s RMS Queen Mary 2 and MS Queen Victoria. In addition to the Dubai and Jeddah Airports, the Burj Tower and the Qatar Education City Convention Center.

*In collaboration with Jonathan Browning Inc., a producer of highest quality lighting for interior designers and architecture firms, Kalmar Werkstätten, a sub brand of Kalmar, is currently offering reproductions of a series of seven historic designs based on Kalmar drawings to some of their American clients. Their distinct, simple elegance clearly evokes the essence and spirit of the Austrian Werkbund. Kalmar will also be marketing these designs in Europe, the Middle East and Asia. In addition, United Designers Ltd, an award winning, multidisciplinary consultancy based in London has adapted a selection of Kalmar designs for marketing in 2009. In march 2016 United Designers Ltd was dissolved after 22 years. Last accounts were made up to 31 March 2011.

Kalmar Tulipan Wall Lamp

Kalmar Tulipan Wall Lamp

iGuzzini Dada Flush Mount

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iGuzzini Dada Flush Mount

 

Materials: White plastic (acrylic). white painted metal (iron). Some plastic and metal parts.

Height: 15 cm / 5.90”

Width: 50 x 50 cm / 19.68 x 19.68”

Electricity:circular fluorescent lamps. 1 x 32 watt, 1 x 40 watt, 220 volt.

Period: 1970s – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: The internal design team of iGuzzini.

Manufacturer: iGuzzini illuminazione S.p.A, via Mariano Guzzini, 37
62019, Recanati, Italy.

Other versions: Made with incandescent light bulbs E27, 60 watt and 100 watt. Also produced with 1 circular fluorescent lamp. The smaller versions are 37 x 37 cm and 24,4 x 24, 4 cm. Sometimes used as a wall lamp. Produced for a long time, from 1979 until 2005.

The iGuzzini Dada flush mount has many similarities with the Martinelli Luce Bolla Flush Mount, designed by Elio Martinelli.

Acrylic

Acrylic glass (PMMA – polymethylmethacrylate) is well known by the trade names Acrylite, Altuglas, Crylux, Cyrolite, Lucite, Optix, Oroglas, Plexiglas, Perspex and Sumipex.

iGuzzini illuminazione

iGuzzini illuminazione was established in 1959 by Raimondo Guzzini under the name Harvey Creazioni. Harvey is derived from the famous movie ‘Harvey’ with James Stuart and the invisible rabbit Harvey from 1950.
The initial production of enameled copper objects was supplemented by decorative luminaires.
In the early sixties it became a family business when his 5 brothers joined the company. In 1962 Luigi Massoni was attracted to lead the design team. He worked for Fratelli Guzzini and Harvey Guzzini until 1976. Luigi Massoni designed many iconic lamps in that period. They are on display here on Vintageinfo.
The company still exists and changed the name in 1974 into iGuzzini and in 1981 to iGuzzini illuminazione.

Project year: 1979
Year of production starting: 1979
Year of production ending: 2005

Commercial code: 5088
Period: 1979 – 2005
For a normal light bulb
Dimensions: 50 x 50 cm

Commercial code: 5091
Period: 1980 – 2005
For a normal light bulb
Dimensions:37 x 37 cm

Commercial code: 5288
Period: 1979 – 2005
Circular fluorescent lamp
Dimensions: 50 x 50 cmm

Commercial code: 5291
Period: 1980 – 2005
Circular fluorescent lamp
Dimensions: 37 x 37 cm

Commercial code: 5336
Period: 1990 – 2005
Circular fluorescent lamp
Dimensions: 37 x 37 cm

Commercial code: 5337
Period: 1990 – 2005
Circular fluorescent lamp
Dimensions: 50 x 50 cmm

Commercial code: 5345
Period: 1990 – 2005
Circular fluorescent lamp
Dimensions: 24,4 x 24,4 cm

Commercial code: 5347
Period: 1990 – 2005
Circular fluorescent lamp
Dimensions: 37 x 37 cm

Commercial code: 5348
Period: 1990 – 2005
Circular fluorescent lamp
Dimensions: 50 x 50 cm

Commercial code: 5404
Period: 1999 – 2005
Circular fluorescent lamp
Dimensions: 37 x 37 cm
Ceiling lamp with emergency light and inductive wiring.

Commercial code: 5405
Period: 1999 – 2005
Circular fluorescent lamp
Dimensions: 50 x 50 cm
Ceiling lamp with emergency light and inductive wiring.

Harvey Creazioni logo

Harvey Guzzini logo

iGuzzini logo

Logo used between 1959 and 1964. Inspired by the 1950 film “Harvey“, starring James Stewart.

Logo used between 1965 and 1977.  This logo was designed by Luigi Massoni.
The architect Massoni was invited to work with Harvey as the company’s art director, a move that gave further impetus to the idea of collaborating with designers.
Between 1967 and 1971, Ennio Lucini designed the catalogue tor the DH brand, under which lamps for home lighting were marketed.

Logo used from 1974 until today, designed by Advema G&R Associati. This logo embodied the company’s entire output, which was marketed under other brands such as DH, Doma and Atelier.
It was during this period that the company began making technical products. Spot and flood lights in particular.

Roger Tallon ERCO Halogen Spots

Hommage to Roger Tallon on Youtube

Roger Tallon – 60 years design – Franceinfo – 2 hours documentary on Youtube

Roger Tallon Erco Spots - Halogen - Osram Halospot 48

Roger Tallon Erco Spots ''Micro''

Roger Tallon 9 Erco Spots toghether on a rail.

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Roger Tallon ERCO Halogen Spots
pin-spot track lighting system

 

Materials: Metal, plastic and aluminium, painted black. White metal base.

Total height: 27 cm / 10.62”

Height: 17 cm / 6.69”

Width: ∅ 7 cm / 2.75”

Electricity: A 1 QR48 Halogen, 20 watt – 12 volt can be used. Preferably a Halospot 48, made by Osram. Other 12 volt halogen lamps can be used. Works with a transformer build inside: 220 volt to 12 volt. Does not work on 110 volt. 

Period: 1970s – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: Roger Tallon (1929-2011) – father of the industrial design.

Manufacturer: ERCO GmbH, Lüdenscheid, Germany.

Other versions: Lamps on rail, floor lamps, table lamps, different models. Also made in white. These lamps are intended for rail. The white base can be used for any ERCO spotlight for rail.

Roger Tallon

Designed in 1977 by the famous French industrial designer Roger Tallon, Born in Paris, 9 March 1929, died in Paris, 20 October 2011.  He created a large amount of beautiful things, the most original watches for LIP, staircases, furniture and off course the TGV, “Train à Grande Vitesse”, the high-speed train for Europe.

Roger Tallon worked for many companies, among others: Caterpillar France, DuPont, Technés, General Electric, LIP, Air France, Bata, Peugeot, Fenwick, Kodak, Salomon Group, Fluocaril, Elf, Terraillon, ERCO and so on.

ERCO

ERCO was founded in 1934 by Arnold Reininger (1907-2003), Karl Reeber and Paul Buschhaus in Lüdenscheid, Germany. The company name ERCO represents a phonetic abbreviation of the founding name “Reininghaus & Co.“.

The company is still in family ownership. During the early years, ERCO produced parts for lamps. In particular a spring-supported retracting mechanism for hanging lights.

In the 1930s the industrial production of complete luminaires was started. After the Second World War Arnold Reininger and Karl Reeber continued the company, co-founder Paul Buschhaus had died in the war.

Famous designers that worked for the ERCO company are Alois Ferdinand GangkofnerRoger TallonEttore SottsassEmilio AmbaszShiro KuramataGiancarlo PirettiDieter Witte Yves Béhar, Knud HolscherFranco ClivioNaoto Fukasawa and many others.

The company was awarded many times thanks to these great artists and the vision of the ERCO company. ERCO received 88 iF Design Awards

Erco Spots on Vintageinfo

iF Design award 1977 Erco 33 720, 33 723

Other lamps designed by Roger Tallon on Vintageinfo click here.

Roger Tallon Erco Spots ''Micro'' Floor piece

Roger Tallon Erco Halogen Spots - Metal floor piece felt

Max Sauze Wall Lamps Alpha

Max Sauze Cassiopée chandeliers in French comedy movie “Jo” with Louis de Funés from 1971. 

Max Sauze Cassiopée chandeliers in French comedy movie “Jo” with Louis de Funés from 1971.

Big wall lamp in the satirical comedy: Tout Le Monde Il Est Beau, Tout Le Monde Il Est Gentil, by and with Jean Yanne made in 1972. (Everybody He Is Nice, Everybody He Is Beautiful (English title)

Tout le monde il est beau, tout le monde il est gentil - Jean Yanne 1972

The Max Sauze shop in the 1970s

Max Sauze Shop

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Max Sauze Wall Lamps Alpha

 

Materials: Metal (iron) frame and anodized aluminium. Bakelite sockets.

Height: 40 cm / 15.74”

Width: 20 cm / 7.87”

Electricity: 1 bulb E14, 1 x 60 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used, not a specific one preferred.

Period: 1970s – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: Max Sauze (born 1933).

Manufacturer: Max Sauze Studio. 105, Rue Paul Magallon. 13510 Éguilles, France.

Other versions: Max Sauze designed many wall lamps in this style.

These wall lamps are from an old stock of a shop in France. They are NOS (New Old Stock) and are hard to find.

These lamps were produced between 1970 and 1976.

Max Sauze

Max Sauze is born in 1933 in Algeria, North Africa. He first attended the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Algiers between 1953 and 1956, and then went on to study at the famous Ecole Camondo in Paris, France (1956-59).

During the 1970s he quickly established his own recognizable style through the construction of bent aluminium strips on steel wire structures.

Links (external links open in a new window)

Max Sauze website: www.max-sauze.com

Facebook: Luminaires-MAX-SAUZE

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Barovier & Toso Gold Flakes Wall Lamps

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Barovier & Toso Gold Flakes Wall Lamps

 

Materials: Hand blown Murano crystal glass inserted with gold flakes from gold foil/leaves. Brass parts and screws. Bakelite socket.

Height: 40 cm / 15.74”

Width: 18 cm / 7.08”

Depth: 12 cm / 4.72”

Electricity: 1 bulb E27, 1 x 60 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used. Not a specific one preferred.

Period: 1950s, 1960s, 1970s.

Designer: Ercole Barovier (1889-1972) – attributed.

Manufacturer: Vetreria Artistica Barovier & C.. since 1939 named Barovier & Toso. – attributed.

Barovier & Toso

Barovier & Toso has a long history dating back to Jacobello Barovier in 1295. It is one of the oldest family companies on the planet.

Angelo Barovier, some 200 years later in 1450, designed the famous “Barovier wedding cup”. Wich is now conserved in the Murano museum on the Murano island. It is perhaps the most precious object of the Renaissance glass master-pieces.

In 1878 the first Barovier company was born: Fratelli Barovier (Brothers Barovier).  Later it changed into Artisti Barovier (Barovier Artists).

After the First World War in 1920, the furnace was renovated and renamed into Vetreria Artistica Barovier & Co. 1920 was the year in which Ercole Barovier began his career as entrepreneur and designer.

Ercole Barovier created new colors, developed new chemical formulas, and found more efficient ways to manufacture glass. His most outstanding skills however lay in conjuring up innovative effects.

Ercole stopped working just a few years before his death in 1972. His portfolio consisted of no fewer than 25,000 designs.

Many thanks to Frank from Flowermountain.be for the photos and the enthusiasm.

Glashütte Limburg Opaque Half Round Flush Mount

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Glashütte Limburg Opaque Half Round Flush Mount or Wall Lamp

 

Materials: Opaque crystal glass, brass. Metal ceiling piece, porcelain socket.

Height: 15 cm / 5.90”

Width: ∅ 29 cm / 11.41”

Electricity: 1 bulb E27, 1 x 100 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb with an E27 socket can be used. But preferably a white or frosted one. Clear bulbs create stripes on white/opaque glass.

Period: 1970s – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: To be appraised.

Manufacturer: Glashütte Limburg, Glashüttenweg 1, 65549 Limburg an der Lahn – Germany.

Glashütte Limburg

Glashütte Limburg was founded in 1946. Today Glashütte Limburg is a member of the Bega group. The company still exists and they make beautiful (industrial) lighting. The name Glashütte Limburg is no longer in use since 2017. Bega was founded in 1945 by goldsmith and steel engraver Heinrich Gartenbrink

One of the best known designers for Glashütte Limburg was Helena Tynell who created several amber bubble glass lights for the company. They exist in many forms and sizes. Helena Tynell lived from 1918 until 2016. She was married to the famous designer Paavo Tynell (1890-1973).

Glashütte Limburg received 160 iF Design Awards. You can find them over here on the iF Design website.

 

Links (external links open in a new window)

Limburg an der Lahn on Wikipedia

Helena Tynell on Wikipedia (only in Suomi (2018))

Glashütte Limburg website

History of the Bega company

Glashütte Limburg manufactures exclusive interior luminaires with natural gas

Bega website

Bega North America website

Other Glashütte Limburg lamps on Vintageinfo

Bega lamps on Vintageinfo

Many thanks to Frank from Flowermountain.be for the photos and the enthusiasm.

Toni Zuccheri Membrane Wall Lamps

Toni Zuccheri Membrane Wall Lamps 

 

Materials: Clear and opaque/white hand-blown crystal Murano glass. Made in the form of a globe with a white “membrane” inside. Chromed metal. Bakelite sockets.

Height: 38 cm / 14.96”

Width: 30 cm / 11.81”

Electricity: 1 bulb E27, 1 x 60 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulbs can be used. Not a specific one preferred.

Period: 1960s, 1970s – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: Toni Zuccheri (1937-2008).

Manufacturer:  Venini, 50, Fondamenta dei Vetrai, Murano, Italy.

Other versions: The glass globes were used for all types of lamps; chandeliers, a pendant lamp, table lamp, floor lamps and so on.

Toni Zuccheri

Toni Zuccheri was an architect, painter and designer. He was born in San Vito al Tagliamento, in the north of Italy in 1936. His father was the painter Luigi Zuccheri, a painter of animals. His mother Jolanda was the sister of the poet and philosopher Giacomo Noventa (1898-1960).

After World War II in 1945, the family moved to Venice, some 80 km/ 50 mi away from San Vito al Tagliamento. In Venice he studied at the Università Iuav di Venezia, the Faculty of Architecture in Venice and got to know important artists there such as Ignazio Gardella, Giorgio De Chirico, Carlo Scarpa, Ludovico Belgioioso, Vanni Scheiwiller, Giorgio Bassani, Bruno Zevi, Elio Zorzi, Mario Soldati, Franco Albini, Giuseppe Samonà, Carlo Della Corte and others.

He took an interest in glass, and since his early twenties in the 60’s he worked at Venini were he invented and reinvented working techniques, shapes and colours. His first glass works for the company are, due to the family tradition, animals made of polychrome glass. He personally produced prototypes, following the artisans in carrying out the work. The result was complex works, unique pieces characterized by a direct and evoked naturalness.

Gio Ponti

In 1965 he began to collaborate with Gio Ponti (1891-1979), and together they designed a new glass system, the Vetrate Grosse; thick windows. At the time created for the Church of San Carlo in Milan. 

Toni Zuccheri also worked with Lucio Fontana and Gaetano Pesce among others. He participated in numerous exhibitions around the world and his creations are exhibited in museums such as MoMA, New York and the Guggenheim.

Toni Zuccheri designed several lamps where organic lines and the beauty of glass play an essential role. He designed lamps and items for Venini, VeArtBarovier & Toso and Vetreria De Majo, among others.

He died in 2008 at the age of 71, leaving his wife and three children.

Today several birds designed by Toni Zuccheri in the 1970s are still in production by Venini.

Venini

Paolo Venini (1895-1959), a Milanese lawyer, and Giacomo Cappellin (1887-1968), a Venetian antique dealer, founded Cappellin Venini & Co in 1921. Painter Vittorio Zecchin (1887-1948) became the artistic director. After a few years the company was split in two and the company Vetri Soffiati Muranesi Venini & Co was founded. Napoleone Martinuzzi became the new artistic director. Martinuzzi brought innovation with the “pulegoso” glass. It is characterized by thousands of air bubbles. Carlo Scarpa and Paolo Venini presented some other new techniques, such as Battuti (Battuto), Granulari, Murrine and Tessuti.

Designers that worked for Venini are: Carlo Scarpa, Gio Ponti, Eugene Barman, Ken Scott, Banfi, Belgiojoso, Peressuti and Rogers, Fulvio Bianconi, Tobia Scarpa (son of Carlo. Toni Zuccheri, Tapio Wirkkala, Owe Thorssen, Brigitta Karlsson, Tina Aufiero, Gae Aulenti, Ettore Sottssass. Mario Bellini, Timo Sarpaneva, Fulvio Bianconi, Elena Cutolo, Giorgio Vigna. Emmanuel Babled, Rodolfo Dordoni, Monica Guggisberg, Alessandro Mendini, Philip Baldwin and many others.

The company still exists and they make the most beautiful glass art. Off course they have a distinguished shop on the San Marco Square (Piazza San Marco) in Venice. A must see when you visit the town.

BEGA 1980s Outdoor Wall Lamp 2276

BEGA 1980s Outdoor Wall Lamp 2276

 

Materials: Black/anthracite painted aluminium alloy, painted with some wrinkle paint. Aluminium reflector. Clear glass. Porcelain socket.

Height: 25 cm / 9.84”

Width: ∅ 19 cm / 7.48”

Length: 25 cm / 9.84”

Electricity: 1 bulb E27, 1 x 100 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used, not a specific one preferred.

Period: 1970s, 1980s – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: The BEGA design team.

Manufacturer: BEGA Gantenbrink-Leuchten, Menden, Germany.

Other versions: This outdoor or garden lamp is model 2276. It won an iF Design Award in 1983. This wall lamp can be used inside or outside (IP 55).

BEGA

The BEGA company was founded in September 1945, at the end of the Second World War and started as a small business with 5 employees. BEGA received the “Medaille d’Or” at the international trade fair in Luxembourg in 1952. In 1958, BEGA construct the new multi-storey luminaire block with a few other companies at the largest industrial fair in the world in Hanover: an important and courageous step which finally leads to the “World Light Show“.

The complete history of the BEGA company can be found on their website. The company still exists and they make beautiful (industrial) lighting. Glashütte Limburg is a member of the BEGA group. BEGA received 275 iF Design Awards. You can find them over here on the iF Design website.

Glashütte Limburg

Glashütte Limburg was founded in 1946. The name Glashütte Limburg is no longer in use since 2017. 

One of the best known designers for Glashütte Limburg was Helena Tynell who created several amber bubble glass lamps for the company. They were made in many forms and sizes. Helena Tynell lived from 1918 until 2016. She was married to the famous designer Paavo Tynell (1890-1973).

Glashütte Limburg received 160 iF Design Awards. You can find them over here on the iF Design website.

This wall lamp has many similarities with the A19 lamp, designed in the 60s by Alain Richard and produced by Disderot.

BEGA 1980s Outdoor Wall Lamp 2276 - Label

BEGA 1980s Outdoor Wall Lamp 2276

1970s Double Wall Lamp

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1970s Double Wall Lamp

 

Materials: Black plastic (PVC). Metal gooseneck with a black plastic cover. Aluminium lampshades. Porcelain sockets.

Lampshades: ∅ 7,5 x 13, 4 cm / 2.95 x 5.27”

Goosenecks: 25 cm / 9.84”

Wall Mount: ∅ 10 cm / 3.93”

Electricity: 2 bulbs E27, 2 x 60 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Not any type of light bulb can be used. Normal E27 bulbs don’t fit. They have to be small spotlights, as you can see below.

Period: 1970s, 1980s – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: To be appraised.

Manufacturer: To be appraised.

Other versions: Probably made in several colours.

This wall lamp had two labels inside the lampshades, but they are destroyed by the heat of the light bulbs and most parts of them are missing, as you can see below. Only some small pieces are left. But if I remember correctly, it is a wall lamp made by a German company in the late 1970s, early 1980s, to see on the wiring.

This wall lamp is reminiscent with the lamps designed by Gerald Thurston (1914-2005). He designed several double lamps. They were produced by Lightolier Inc.

Got an idea about this double wall lamp? Please let us know!

Links (external links open in a new window)

1960s Lightolier aluminium double table lamp on Vintageinfo

1970s Double Wall Lamp - Switch and plug

1970s Double Wall Lamp - socket and light bulb

Artemide Eclisse Table Lamp

Artemide: The Artemide Group is based in Pregnana Milanese, Italy. The company is best known for the Tizio desk lamp designed by Richard Sapper in 1972. The company is also famous for the Tolomeo desk lamp, designed by Michele De Lucchi and Giancarlo Fassina in 1986. Artemide produced many other beautiful lights en furniture during all those the years.

Designers who have collaborated with Artemide include Mario Botta, Sir Norman Foster, Ettore Sottsass, Enzo Mari, Neil Poulton, Karim Rashid, Giò Ponti and many others.

Sketch and technical drawing

Artemide Eclisse Table Lamp

Artemide Eclisse Table Lamp

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Artemide Eclisse Table or Wall Lamp

 

Materials: Red painted aluminium, plastic. Some iron parts, ball-bearing. Bakelite socket.

Height: 17,8 cm / 7”

Width: ∅ 11,4 cm / 4.48”

Electricity: 1 bulb E14, 1 x 25 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used, not a specific one preferred.

Period: 1960s, 1970s – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: Vico Magistretti (1920 – 2006).

Manufacturer: Artemide, Pregnana Milanese, Milan, Italy.

Other versions: Made in many colours and still in production. The new version however is made different and to be honest, it is not beautifully made. In between the moving white part en the lamp itself is a black plastic part as you can see below. It is used as replacement for the ball-bearing inside. If you want an old one, then you have to pay attention to it.

This lamp is designed in 1967. You can find it in the Artemide catalogue (1973) on Vintageinfo: Artemide catalogue 1973 page 1. Also as a wall lamp: Artemide catalogue 1973 page 3

Vico Magistretti was an Italian industrial designer, furniture designer, light designer and architect. He also designed another famous table lamp, the Oluce Atollo. You can find it here on Vintageinfo, click here.

Vico Magistretti Foundation

Via Conservatorio, 20, 20122 Milano, Italy

Visit the studio museum and discover more about Vico Magistretti work as designer and architect. The museum is open on Tuesday, on Thursday and on Saturday. More info on their website: http://www.vicomagistretti.it/en/museum/practical

New and old together

Artemide Eclisse Table Lamp - Red new versionArtemide Eclisse Table Lamp - Red old version

The Mignon version on batteries

Artemide Eclisse Table Lamp - Artemide Eclisse Mignon Table Lamp box

Artemide Eclisse Table Lamp - Artemide Eclisse Mignon Table Lamp

1970s Ars Munda Wall Lamp

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1970s Ars Munda Wall Lamp

 

Materials: Some sort of synthetic resin. Hand painted colours. Bakelite socket.

Height: 72 cm / 28.34”

Width: 18 cm / 7.08”

Depth: 10 cm / 3.93”

Electricity: 1 bulb E14, 1 x 40 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used. Not a specific one preferred.

Period: 1960s, 1970s – Mid-Century Modern – Brutalist.

Designer: To be appraised.

Manufacturer:  Ars Munda, Germany.

Other versions: Made in several variations.

Ars Munda

Little is known about Ars Munda. It appears to be a German collective that was active in the 1960s and 1970s. They mainly produced wall decorations and wall lamps in small quantities. Some series are numbered. They named them Multiplo

Several companies existed over the years that used the name Ars Munda.

Text used for the multiplo

On some wall decorations this text is printed on a paper on the back:

The function of a multiplo is to materialize an artistic idea for everyone. The multiplo is therefore made in a limited or unlimited series of copies that are completely equal to each other, but which are never the “copy” of the original. 

An original multiplo does not exist, because the multiplo only comes as a result of the materialization of the design. If there is already an experimental prototype that precedes the series production, this is not multiplo because it is aesthetically lesser quality than the one that is produced in series. 

In contrast to “works of art”, the price of a multiplo is in reasonable proportion to the actual costs and the material required for the manufacture is not chosen on the basis of “costliness”, but only on the basis of the “image power”. 

The possession of a multiplo develops the sense of form, color and line, regardless of its cultural backgrounds. A multiplo can also be a real work of art, but many can enjoy it. 

A traditional work of art that by its nature is not a multiplo and can never be, can therefore only be “enjoyed” by very few. 

A multiplo contributes to the democratization of art possession.

Several designers made similar brutalist wall decorations in all kind of materials. Amongst others: Rosslyn RuizSyroco, PerignemHans Ehrich, Tom AhlströmMarcello FantoniClaus BolbyPoliarte

Many thanks to Frank from Flowermountain.be for the photos and the enthusiasm.

Poliarte Wall Lamps

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Poliarte Wall Lamps

 

Materials: Amber and white pulegoso square crystal glass blocks. Stainless steel. Metal and porcelain sockets. Also produced with Bakelite sockets in the 1970s.

Height: 27,4 cm / 10.78”

Width: 11,2 cm / 4.40”

Depth: 7 cm / 2.75”

Electricity: 3 x 40 watt bulb E14, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used, but preferably a silver bowl/cup light bulb.

Period: 1960s, 1970s – Mid Century Modern.

Designer:  Albano Poli (born 1935).

Manufacturer: Poliarte, Verona, Italy.

Other versions: Made in many colours, versions and sizes; table lamps, ceiling lamps, flush mounts, floor lamps.

These lamps are often attributed to Angelo Brotto, but that’s not true. Angelo Brotto designed lighting for the Italian Esperia company. Some lamps are more or less in the same style.

Pulegoso: Italian word taken from the dialect word pulega, which means bubble. The glass is containing numerous bubbles of all sizes, produced by adding bicarbonate/soda, gasoline, or other substances to the glass. The bubbles make the glass semi-opaque and give the surface an irregular texture. The technique was developed in the 1920s by Napoleone Martinuzzi (1892-1977) on the island of Murano, Italy and used for the first time by the famous Venini company.

Poliarte

Albano Poli founded Poliarte in 1968 as an innovative and experimental lighting company. Poliarte was based near Verona, Italy. Albano Poli designed and produced lights with a team of some 30 craftsmen in no more than hundreds for each model.

His typical style was combining stainless steel (Inox) or raw metal to modular compositions of glass elements. Such as cubes, rods and plates. The final effect was a three-dimensional lighting object.

The Poliarte company no longer exists. Today Albano Poli still creates stained glass windows. 

Poliarte Wall Lamps

Evaluz Arriba Wall Lamps

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Evaluz Arriba Wall Lamps

 

Materials: Pink salmon frosted crystal glass tubes. Gilded brass, white painted metal (iron) wall mount. Some metal parts. Black plastic sockets.

Height: 37 cm / 14.76”

Width: 14,5 cm / 5.70”

Width Glass:  7 cm / 2.75”

Wall Mount: 18 x 3 cm / 7.08 x 1.18”

Electricity: 2 x E14 bulbs, 2 x 40 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulbs can be used. Not a specific one preferred.

Period: 1990s.

Designer: To be appraised.

Manufacturer:  Evaluz S.A., Carrer del Gaiter del Llobregat, 124, El Prat de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain. (Joint Stock Company)

Other versions: Unknown.

Arriba is the Spanish word for above, up, upstairs. ¡Arriba, arriba! is also part of the cheer shouted by the cartoon mouse Speedy Gonzales. It means go! or hooray for…!

These wall lamps are made of high quality materials and they have serials numbers 36737 and 36728. The article number is 10142.

Evaluz S.A.

Little is known about the company. On their website they are also scanty with information: “Since 1974 we are ideas, passion, dedication, and transform it into light, we are… Evaluz.” The slogan of the company is “Belleza Y Luz“, beauty and light. It has between 10 and 49 employees. Juan Soto Garcia is the CEO of the company. Evaluz produces floor lamps, table lamps, wall lamps, hanging lamps, ceiling lamps. Since 2015 part of their lighting is dimmable.

Evaluz Arriba Wall Lamps - Label

Evaluz Arriba Wall Lamps - Arriba label

BEGA Outdoor Flush Mounts or Wall Lamps

BEGA Outdoor Flush Mounts or Wall Lamps

 

Materials: Cylindrical black painted aluminium alloy, painted with some wrinkle paint. Opaque cylindrical glass. Porcelain socket.

Height: 17 cm / 6.69”

Width: ∅ 11 cm / 4.33”

Base Height: 6,5 cm / 2.55”

Electricity: 1 bulb E27, 1 x 60 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used, not a specific one preferred.

Period: 1970s, 1980s – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: The BEGA design team.

Manufacturer: BEGA Gantenbrink-Leuchten, Menden, Germany.

Other versions: These outdoor or garden lamps are model 4865. Made with different forms of glass. A round version, model 4870 won an iF Design Award in 1980. These wall lamps or flush mounts can be used inside or outside (IP 55).

BEGA

The BEGA company was founded in September 1945, at the end of the Second World War and started as a small business with 5 employees. BEGA received the “Medaille d’Or” at the international trade fair in Luxembourg in 1952. In 1958, BEGA construct the new multi-storey luminaire block with a few other companies at the largest industrial fair in the world in Hanover: an important and courageous step which finally leads to the “World Light Show“.

The complete history of the BEGA company can be found on their website. The company still exists and they make beautiful (industrial) lighting. Glashütte Limburg is a member of the BEGA group. BEGA received 275 iF Design Awards. You can find them over here on the iF Design website.

Glashütte Limburg

Glashütte Limburg was founded in 1946. The name Glashütte Limburg is no longer in use since 2017. 

One of the best known designers for Glashütte Limburg was Helena Tynell who created several amber bubble glass lamps for the company. They were made in many forms and sizes. Helena Tynell lived from 1918 until 2016. She was married to the famous designer Paavo Tynell (1890-1973).

Glashütte Limburg received 160 iF Design Awards. You can find them over here on the iF Design website.

Bega Outdoor Flush Mounts or Wall Lamps 4865 - Label

Bega Outdoor Flush Mounts or Wall Lamps 4865

Christian Dell Koranda Scissor Lamp

Christian Dell Koranda Scissor Lamp

 

Materials: White painted metal (iron). Some metal parts. Bakelite socket.

Width: 30 -> 80 cm / 11.81 -> 31.49”

Lampshade: ∅ 17 cm / 6.69”

Electricity: 1 bulb E27, 1 x 60 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used, not a specific one preferred.

Period: 1930s, 1950s – Bauhaus, Art Deco.

Designer: Christian Dell.

Manufacturer: Brüder Koranda & Co. OHG, Kaiserstraße 68, 1070 Vienna, Austria.

Christian Dell

Christian Dell (1893–1974) was born in Offenbach am Main, in between Frankfurt am Main and Hanau in Hesse, Germany. From 1907 until 1911 he completed the silver forging studies at the academy, the “Königlich Preußischen Zeichenakademie” in Hanau.

At the same time he served an exacting apprenticeship as a silversmith, spending the years 1907-12 at the Schleissner & Söhne silver factory in Hanau.

In 1913 Christian Dell worked as a silversmith in Dresden before going to the “Großherzoglich-Sächsische Kunstgewerbeschule Weimar“, the Saxon college of arts and crafts in Weimar, were he met the Belgian artist and architect Henry van de Velde. Together with Victor Horta and Paul Hankar he could be considered as one of the main founders and representatives of Art Nouveau in Belgium.

After serving in the army, Christian Dell was a day laborer in the period 1918-1920 and then went to work in Munich as a master silversmith for Hestermann & Ernst. In 1920 Christian Dell went to Berlin to work for the silversmith Emil Lettré.

Bauhaus

Dell returned to Hanau and from 1922 until 1925 he worked as a foreman of the metal workshop at the “Bauhaus” in Weimar were he collaborated closely with Hungarian constructivist László Moholy-Nagy and produced numerous designs for office and workplace metal light fittings.

In 1926 he changed to the Frankfurt art school (Frankfurter Kunstschule). He designed a great deal of lighting, including the brass and nickel “Rondella-Polo” (1928-29) table lamp range (his real creative breakthrough) and the “Idell” range, which was mass produced mainly by Gebr. Kaiser & Co. Leuchten KG and later also by Bünte & Remmler.

At the end of 1928, a number of Dell’s designs were featured in an exhibition at the Kunsthalle Mannheim, about craftsmanship in the machine age.
The Nazi Party did not allow him to stay in the Frankfurt art school in 1933, but Walter Gropius offered him a job in the United States. However, Dell decided to remain in Germany and designed several lamps for Koranda.

After World War II, Dell manufactured silver products and opened a jewellery shop in Wiesbaden in 1948, which he operated until 1955. He died in Wiesbaden in 1974.

Several lamps designed by Christian Dell are still in production and today are made by Fritz Hansen.

Koranda

Koranda was a family business. Unfortunately, hardly any information about it to be found. The company was located in 68, Kaiserstraße, 1070 Vienna and a shop was located in the Piaristengasse 60, also in Vienna. In 2002 Koranda was bought by AE Austria which was taken over in 2007 by the Belgian company Schréder S.A, today named Urbis Schréder. “Schréder is a group of 48 companies worldwide, with more than 2,600 men and women, passionate about light and innovation, experts in the design and development of outdoor lighting solutions.” The website of Koranda was located on www.koranda.at.

Christian Dell Koranda Scissor Lamp - Bruder Koranda & Co Publicity

Many thanks to Wojtek of Modernretro2012 for the beautiful pictures. You can find his shop online on Ebay over here.

Kalmar Franken Citrus Wall Lamp

Carlo Nason

Born in Murano in 1935 he grew up in one of the oldest families of the Island. Murano glass masters introduced him to the most refined techniques. He quickly started to collaborate with other glass workshops, with special attention for modern design and achieving a combination of technique and craftsmanship which characterizes all his projects. Carlo has always shown an attitude for innovation without losing his tradition.

He has chosen AV Mazzega most of all in the 70s and 80s to develop all the collection, that today is an icon of vintage: the creation of the highest quality at the level of its design. Today (2018) AV Mazzega is named Mazzega 1946named after the founding date of the company. They always have a few designs of Carlo Nason in production. 

Kalmar Franken Citrus Wall Lamp

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Kalmar Franken Citrus Wall Lamp

 

Materials: White painted metal (iron) frame and some brass parts. 3 hand-blown Murano interlocked citrus slices. 3 Metal sockets.

Height: 40 cm / 15.74”

Width: 27 cm / 10.62”

Depth: 13 cm / 5.11”

Electricity: 3 bulbs E14, 3 x 40 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used, not a specific one preferred. However, small clear light bulbs gives the best result. They were also used for this setup.

Period: 1970s – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: Carlo Nason – attributed.

Manufacturer: Kalmar Franken KG, Vienna, Austria.

Other versions: The Kalmar Franken Citrus wall lamp was also made as a chandelier, a ceiling lamp, a flush mount and several other variations. From small to big lamps in all forms and sizes.

The glass parts for these lamps are hand-blown in Murano, Italy. Kalmar used glass parts for many lamps produced by the AV Mazzega company from the Venetian island. At that time Carlo Nason designed almost de complete collection for AV Mazzega. These glass parts are totally his style. Kalmar sold several lamps designed by him. Probably also the Citrus collection. 

Kalmar Franken KG

Founded in Vienna by Julius August Kalmar in the 1880s, Kalmar first specialized in the production of hand crafted objects of cast bronze. The company soon established its practice of closely collaborating with prominent architects to create chandeliers and other cast bronze objects in Austria, Europe and the United States. Before long it was presenting custom-made wares at international exhibitions such as the 1888 Vienna Trade Exposition (Gewerbeausstellung Wien). The 1893 Chicago World’s Columbian Exposition. The 1901 Export Exposition Scandinavia and the 1906 Austrian Exhibition in Earl’s Court, London.

Julius Theodor Kalmar

After the turn of the century, Julius Theodor Kalmar, son of the original founder, studied under the renowned Austrian architect and designer Josef Hoffmann at the Vienna School of Applied Arts and the Birmingham School of Art and Design. Inspired by Josef Hoffmann and the arts and crafts movement of the era, Julius pushed the company in a new direction away from the eclectic style of the late 19th century. And in 1925 Kalmar designs began selling in Haus und Garten, an avant-garde shop for home furnishings founded by architects and designers Josef Frank and Oskar Wlach. The shop was to become a main venue of modern Austrian interior and lighting design. It has a trademark in the promotion of Viennese design abroad.

By 1931, Kalmar was concerned solely with designing and manufacturing high quality lamps and fixtures in cooperation with the architects of the Austrian Werkbund, an association of artists, craftsmen, architects and manufacturers founded in 1912. Their purpose was the promotion of a high regard for material, form and function in the hand crafted as well as industrial production of fine art and applied arts. They sought modernity by combining classical tradition and contemporary innovation. Recognized as a typically Viennese style by the 1930s, this “moderate modernity” integrated the ornament-stripped purism of Adolf Loos with more traditional elements.

Julius Theodor Kalmar saw lighting fixtures as “quite humble things, which fit in and serve their purpose of functionally illuminating living spaces without glare — and that is what it all comes down to, as far as lamps are concerned as well as in all aspects of life: fitting in with the given framework and with the overall concept.”

Designers

Thanks to the younger Kalmar’s involvement and personal acquaintance with the leading European architects of the day, the name Kalmar became associated with high quality modern design. The company flourished, producing light fittings for prominent Austrian architects and designers including Frank and Wlach. As well as Oskar StrnadClemens HolzmeisterOswald HaerdtlErnst Plischke, and others. As the company grew, the size and scope of its contracts increased. And soon it was producing chandeliers and major installations for clients such as the Vienna Opera, the Burgtheater, the new theaters in Linz and Salzburg and the Vienna stock exchange.

During the 1960s and 70s, Kalmar became increasingly involved in the production of decorative glass objects. Initially designed for the retail market, the company’s mouth-blown and molded relief glass elements offered vast decorating possibilities in large or small areas.

As a result, the demand for Kalmar installations grew steadily. The company became more widely known among international design and architecture professionals.

1990s until today

In the 1990’s, the great-grandson of the founder, Thomas Calice, shifted the company’s focus to international lighting projects. He phased out Kalmar’s own product lines and concentrated the company’s resources on the production of decorative, functional and technical lighting installations. The company has expanded in this specialized area and now produces prestigious custom designed and manufactured lighting installations throughout the world.

Lighting Installations

In recent years Kalmar has produced major lighting installations for government buildings and palaces, museums, theaters, hotels and cruise ships. These projects include the Presidential Palace of the Kremlin. The State Tretjakov Gallery in Moscow, the new Shanghai Grand Theater. Hotels including the Ritz Carlton in Berlin, Doha and Osaka. The Grand Hyatt in Dubai, the W-Hotel in Doha. Shangri-la hotels in Abu Dhabi, Beijing and Suzhou. The Hilton in Adelaide, Bahrain, Bangkok, London and Seoul and the Sheraton in Cairo, Frankfurt and Stockholm. As well as cruise ships such as Royal Caribbean International’s Voyager, Freedom and Genesis class ships and the Cunard Line’s RMS Queen Mary 2 and MS Queen Victoria. In addition to the Dubai and Jeddah Airports, the Burj Tower and the Qatar Education City Convention Center.

*In collaboration with Jonathan Browning Inc., a producer of highest quality lighting for interior designers and architecture firms, Kalmar Werkstätten, a sub brand of Kalmar, is currently offering reproductions of a series of seven historic designs based on Kalmar drawings to some of their American clients. Their distinct, simple elegance clearly evokes the essence and spirit of the Austrian Werkbund. Kalmar will also be marketing these designs in Europe, the Middle East and Asia. In addition, United Designers Ltd, an award winning, multidisciplinary consultancy based in London has adapted a selection of Kalmar designs for marketing in 2009. In march 2016 United Designers Ltd was dissolved after 22 years. Last accounts were made up to 31 March 2011.

Toni Zuccheri Venini Wall Lamps

Toni Zuccheri Venini Wall Lamps

 

Materials: Clear and blue hand-blown crystal Murano glass. White painted metal (iron). Brass screws, White painted Bakelite sockets.

Height: 23 cm / 9.05”

Width: 23 cm / 9.05”

Depth: 7 cm / 2.75”

Electricity: 1 x E27 bulb, 1 x 60 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulbs can be used. Not a specific one preferred.

Period: 1960s, 1970s – Mid-Century Modern.

Designer: Toni Zuccheri (1937-2008).

Manufacturer:  Venini, 50, Fondamenta dei Vetrai, Murano, Italy.

Other versions: Also made in brown and clear glass.

Toni Zuccheri

Toni Zuccheri was an architect, painter and designer. He was born in San Vito al Tagliamento, in the north of Italy in 1936. His father was the painter Luigi Zuccheri, a painter of animals. His mother Jolanda was the sister of the poet and philosopher Giacomo Noventa (1898-1960).

After World War II in 1945, the family moved to Venice, some 80 km/ 50 mi away from San Vito al Tagliamento. In Venice he studied at the Università Iuav di Venezia, the Faculty of Architecture in Venice and got to know important artists there such as Ignazio Gardella, Giorgio De Chirico, Carlo Scarpa, Ludovico Belgioioso, Vanni Scheiwiller, Giorgio Bassani, Bruno Zevi, Elio Zorzi, Mario Soldati, Franco Albini, Giuseppe Samonà, Carlo Della Corte and others.

He took an interest in glass, and since his early twenties in the 60’s he worked at Venini were he invented and reinvented working techniques, shapes and colours. His first glass works for the company are, due to the family tradition, animals made of polychrome glass. He personally produced prototypes, following the artisans in carrying out the work. The result was complex works, unique pieces characterized by a direct and evoked naturalness.

Gio Ponti

In 1965 he began to collaborate with Gio Ponti (1891-1979), and together they designed a new glass system, the Vetrate Grosse; thick windows. At the time created for the Church of San Carlo in Milan. 

Toni Zuccheri also worked with Lucio Fontana and Gaetano Pesce among others. He participated in numerous exhibitions around the world and his creations are exhibited in museums such as MoMA, New York and the Guggenheim.

Toni Zuccheri designed several lamps where organic lines and the beauty of glass play an essential role. He designed lamps and items for Venini, VeArtBarovier & Toso and Vetreria De Majo, among others.

He died in 2008 at the age of 71, leaving his wife and three children.

Today several birds designed by Toni Zuccheri in the 1970s are still in production by Venini.

Venini

Paolo Venini (1895-1959), a Milanese lawyer, and Giacomo Cappellin (1887-1968), a Venetian antique dealer, founded Cappellin Venini & Co in 1921. Painter Vittorio Zecchin (1887-1948) became the artistic director. After a few years the company was split in two and the company Vetri Soffiati Muranesi Venini & Co was founded. Napoleone Martinuzzi became the new artistic director. Martinuzzi brought innovation with the “pulegoso” glass. It is characterized by thousands of air bubbles. Carlo Scarpa and Paolo Venini presented some other new techniques, such as Battuti (Battuto), Granulari, Murrine and Tessuti.

Designers that worked for Venini are: Carlo Scarpa, Gio Ponti, Eugene Barman, Ken Scott, Banfi, Belgiojoso, Peressuti and Rogers, Fulvio Bianconi, Tobia Scarpa (son of Carlo. Toni Zuccheri, Tapio Wirkkala, Owe Thorssen, Brigitta Karlsson, Tina Aufiero, Gae Aulenti, Ettore Sottssass. Mario Bellini, Timo Sarpaneva, Fulvio Bianconi, Elena Cutolo, Giorgio Vigna. Emmanuel Babled, Rodolfo Dordoni, Monica Guggisberg, Alessandro Mendini, Philip Baldwin and many others.

The company still exists and they make the most beautiful glass art. Off course they have a distinguished shop on the San Marco Square (Piazza San Marco) in Venice. A must see when you visit the town.

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