Double Spotlight Ceiling Lamp
Materials: White painted metal (iron) square tubes or beams. Black plastic parts. Chromed metal rod. White painted square metal ceiling mount. Porcelain sockets.
Height: 50 cm / 19.68”
Lampshades: 16,8 x 7,3 cm / 6.61 x 2.87”
Ceiling Mount: 9 x 9 cm / 3.54 x 3.54′‘
Electricity: 2 bulbs E27, 2 x 100 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used, not a specific one preferred.
Period: 1970s – Mid-Century Modern.
Designer: To be appraised.
Manufacturer: Massive, Mortsel, Kontich and Wommelgem, Belgium.
Other versions: Made in several colours and produced with 1, 2 or 3 lamps. Also made as a wall lamp and floor lamp.
These lamps are the Massive versions of very similar lamps produced by Fase from Spain and/or Brilliant Leuchten from Germany, as you can see below.
The plastic mechanism with screws to adjust the spotlights for this lamp were made in Germany. On the plastic screws is written/pressed DBGM. In all probability these parts were made by the OMI company.
DBGM is not some type of company, but it is German for utility model, “gebrauchsmuster” in German. Only used in Germany and Austria: Deutsches Bundes-Gebrauchsmuster. To say it simple, the plastic mechanism is licensed for some period, most of the time 10 years: the small brother of a patent.
Massive was in origin a bronze foundry and they produced mainly candlesticks, crucifixes and chandeliers in Wilrijk near Antwerp, Belgium. The company was founded in 1926 by Pieter-Jozef De Jaeck. His son Eddy De Jaeck was responsible for the huge expansion of the company in the 1970s. But it were his sons, Piet and Jan De Jaeck who made Massive a true multinational. Thus, they moved production to Eastern Europe and China.
In the 1980s Massive became the leading brand in Europe. In 2002, the brothers left the company to the investment fund CVC Capital Partners, for allegedly more than 250 million euros. Since 2008 the company is owned by Philips and the name of the shops is changed into Light Gallery.
When the takeover by Philips was announced in November 2006 Massive commercialized more than 10.000 lighting products under brand names such as Massive, TRIO and Lirio. The group had about 5.000 employees worldwide and was active in 70 countries.
Massive sold many lamps made by others. Peill + Putzler from Germany and Yamada Shomei from Japan produced lamps for Massive, to name a few. Many other lighting companies did.
The OMI company is Otto Meinzer GmbH & Co Metallwarenfabrik from Iserlohn in Germany (Otto Meinzer Iserlohn). It is a manufacturer of chromed brass joints for the lighting industry. The company was founded more than 50 years ago. They never produced lighting.
Companies that uses OMI parts are among others: Atelje Lyktan Sweden, Massive Belgium, Fase, Hustadt Leuchten, Abo Randers Denmark and many more.