Raak Fuga Wall Lamp
Materials: Anodized aluminium, painted white on the inside of the tubes, black painted iron wall frame, porcelain sockets.
Height: 40 cm / 15,75”
Width: 36 cm / 14,17”
Electricity: 10 bulbs E27, 10 x 40 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Not any type of light bulb can be used. Round small bright (bullet) bulbs are preferred.
Period: 1950s, 1960s – Mid-Century Modern.
Designer: Maija Liisa Komulainen.
Manufacturer: Raak Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Other versions: Also made in copper coloured aluminium. Made as a single tube and table lamp, 3 tubes and 5 tubes and a big version (60 cm – 23.62”). The big version was always sold as 1 tube, never connected with others.
Maija Liisa Komulainen
These wonderful wall lamps were designed at the end of the 1950s by the Finnish architect and industrial designer Maija Liisa Komulainen (born January 29, 1922), one of the top designers of the Raak design team from Amsterdam, Holland. Komulainen won several international awards with her designs.
The Dutch company “Raak” was founded in 1954 by Carel O.Lockhorn (18 June 1923 – 6 October 2004), a previous employee of Philips Lighting Eindhoven. Raak, which means “to hit” in Dutch, implies design which precisely “hits the nail on the head”.
Raak is best known for their organic modern design of the 1960s and 1970s which combined glass & metals for a sophisticated futuristic style.
The light company collaborated with several international designers and architects, including Bertrand Balas, Evert Jelle Jelles, Frank Ligtelijn, Ger Vos, Jan Jasper Fayer, Li Helo, Maija-Liisa Komulainen, Nan Platvoet, Nanny Still-Mackinney, Nico Kooi, Sergio Asti, Tapio Wirkala, Willem van Oyen and many others.
Raak also collaborated with other companies. They worked with the German Peill + Putzler for the Raak Globe lamps. Peill + Putzler produced the glass. They also sold lamps made by Peill + Putzler, such as a pendant lamp designed by Aloys Ferdinand Gangkofner. For the Raak Discus the glass was made by Bega, also a German company. For the Night Club and Stalactites lamps a cooperation with the Belgian Val Saint Lambert was undertaken in the late 1950s. Raak also sold some lamps that were produced by Staff Leuchten (Staff & Schwarz Leuchtenwerke GMBH) from Germany.
Carel Lockhorn sold the company in 1974 to ITT but remained a director until 1977. In 1980 Raak merged with BIS Lighting from Aalsmeer, also in The Netherlands and was renamed into BisRaak. In 1986 the Raak company became independent again. The company got a business appearance and only the colors white, black and gray were still processed.
In 1999, Raak merged with Artilite B.V. and Indoor B.V. and became CLA: Centrum voor Lichtarchitectuur B.V. in Drachten (Center for Light Architecture). The Center for Lighting Architecture was founded by Egbert Keen. The company was declared bankrupt on 19-05-2011.
Lamps in the Movies
Le Gendarme Se Marie (1968)
The Raak Fuga wall lamp was used as a prop in the 1968 Louis de Funès film Le Gendarme Se Marie (The Gendarme Gets Married) starring Louis de Funès, Geneviève Grad as his daughter and Claude Gensac as his future wife Josépha Cruchot.
Le Gendarme Se Marie – Trailer
Le Corps De Mon Ennemi (1976)
The Raak Fuga wall lamp was used as a prop in the French film Le Corps De Mon Ennemi (Body of my enemy) from 1976 with Jean-Paul Belmondo. Many Raak lamps together with Stilnovo and Harvey Guzzini lamps appear in this movie.
The Raak Fuga wall lamp was used as a prop in the Jean Girault movie Jo from 1971. It is also known in English as Joe: The Busy Body or The Gazebo. A movie with the famous French comedy actor Louis de Funès (1914-1983). Also Cassiopée chandeliers made by Max Sauze and Lita wall lamps by Jacques Biny appear in this comedy. A Pan wall lamp designed by Bent Karlby for Lyfa is also present.
The Raak Fuga wall lamp was also used as a prop in the Edouard Molinaro comedy film Oscar from 1967. A movie with French comedy actor Louis de Funès (1914-1983). Lamps by Raak, Artemide, Maison Jansen, and so on.
The Raak Fuga wall lamp was used as a prop in the German film Ballon from 2018. A movie about two families from the GDR who flew to West Germany with a homemade hot-air balloon in 1979. It was used in an East German house what is very unlikely at that time. Raak was a Dutch lighting company and the East was communist and had his own lighting firms, cars, motorcycles and so on. Everything that was sold came from behind the Iron Curtain. Here together with the Staff Oyster wall lamp, what is also unlikely, because that is a West German lamp.
A Raak Fuga wall lamp was spotted at the doctor Baptiste office in Paris, France. Thanks Eric for the photo!