Raak 1950s Ceiling Lamp – Model B-1069 ZM
Materials: Black metal (iron and aluminium) ceiling piece. Opaque/white hand blown glass. Bakelite socket.
Height: 31 cm / 12.20”
Width: ∅ 32 cm / 12.59”
Base: ∅ 9 cm / 3.54”
Electricity: 1 bulb E27, 1 x 100 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb with an E27 screw base can be used. Preferably a white/opaque or frosted bulb.
Period: 1950s, 1960s – Mid-Century Modern.
Designer: To be appraised.
Manufacturer: Raak, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Other versions: Different glass forms. It was also used for pendant lamps and pendant chandeliers.
The glass for this lamp was in all probability produced by Peil + Putzler or Bega. Both are glass/lamp producers from Germany. Both companies produced glass parts for Raak. Raak had no furnace.
The Dutch company Raak was founded in 1954 by Carel O. Lockhorn (18 June 1923 – 6 October 2004), a previous employee of Philips Lighting Eindhoven. Raak, which means “to hit” in Dutch, implies design which precisely “hits the nail on the head”.
Raak is best known for their organic modern design of the 1960s and 1970s which combined glass & metals for a sophisticated futuristic style.
The light company collaborated with several international designers and architects, including Bertrand Balas, Evert Jelle Jelles, Frank Ligtelijn, Ger Vos, Jan Jasper Fayer, Li Helo, Maija-Liisa Komulainen, Nan Platvoet, Nanny Still-Mackinney, Nico Kooi, Sergio Asti, Tapio Wirkala, Willem van Oyen and many others.
Raak also collaborated with other companies. They worked with the German Peill + Putzler for the Raak Globe lamps. Peill + Putzler produced the glass. They also sold lamps made by Peill + Putzler, such as a pendant lamp designed by Aloys Ferdinand Gangkofner. For the Raak Discus the glass was made by Bega, also a German company. For the Night Club and Stalactites lamps a cooperation with the Belgian Val Saint Lambert was undertaken in the late 1950s. Raak also sold some lamps that were produced by Staff Leuchten (Staff & Schwarz Leuchtenwerke GMBH) from Germany, and several other companies.
Carel Lockhorn sold the company in 1974 to ITT but remained a director until 1977. In 1980 Raak merged with BIS Lighting from Aalsmeer, also in The Netherlands and was renamed into BisRaak. In 1986 the Raak company became independent again. The company got a business appearance and only the colours white, black and grey were still processed.
In 1999, Raak merged with Artilite B.V. and Indoor B.V. and became CLA: Centrum voor Lichtarchitectuur B.V. in Drachten (Centre for Light Architecture). Lichtarchitectuur (light architecture) was the Raak tagline from the beginning in the 1950s. The Centre for Lighting Architecture was founded by Egbert Keen. The company was declared bankrupt on 19-05-2011.
Text in Dutch from the Raak 5 catalogue from 1962
Plafondarmaturen in opaal zijdemat glas.
“B-1069/ZM hoogte 31 cm. Breed 32 cm. Voor lamp 75/100W. Met zwart metalen steel. Dekt doos volledig af. 23,50 gulden.”
Ceiling fixtures in opal silk mat glass
“B-1069/ZM height 31 cm. 32 cm wide. For bulb 75/100W. With black metal handle. Covers box completely. 23.50 guilders. “
The chandelier with 3 glass parts on the left was priced 77 guilders. Some 39 euro.
Links (external links open in a new window)
Opaque or opacity on Wikipedia
Other Raak lamps on Vintageinfo
Raak additional catalogue 4 (1958) on Vintageinfo
1962 Raak 5 catalogue on Vintageinfo
1968 Raak 8 catalogue on Vintageinfo
1972 Raak 9 catalogue on Vintageinfo
1978 Raak 11 catalogue on Vintageinfo
Peill + Putzler lamps on Vintageinfo
Bega lamps on Vintageinfo