Raak Lichtsculptuur Table Lamp (Light Sculpture)
Materials: Rectangular aluminium base. 4 brushed aluminium tubular lampshades, painted white inside. 4 porcelain E27 sockets.
Height: 35 cm / 13.77”
Width: 30 cm / 11.81”
Electricity: 4 bulbs E27, 4 x 60 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used, but preferably clear small light bulbs.
Period: 1960s – Mid-Century Modern.
Designer: Maurice M. Grothausen (1925 – 2016).
Manufacturer: Raak Lichtarchitectuur, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Other versions: The Raak Lichtsculptuur table lamp exists in some varieties. Different tubes and also made in copper coloured aluminium. The tubes can be exchanged among each others in endless combinations. This table lamp is often used as a floor lamp.
The Dutch company Raak was founded in 1954 by Carel O. Lockhorn (18 June 1923 – 6 October 2004), a previous employee of Philips Lighting Eindhoven. Raak, which means “to hit” in Dutch, implies design which precisely “hits the nail on the head”.
Raak is best known for their organic modern design of the 1960s and 1970s which combined glass & metals for a sophisticated futuristic style.
The light company collaborated with several international designers and architects, including Bertrand Balas, Evert Jelle Jelles, Frank Ligtelijn, Ger Vos, Jan Jasper Fayer, Maurice M. Grothausen, Li Helo, Maija-Liisa Komulainen, Nan Platvoet, Nanny Still-Mackinney, Nico Kooi, Sergio Asti, Tapio Wirkala, Willem van Oyen and many others.
Raak also collaborated with other companies. They also sold lamps made by Peill + Putzler, such as a pendant lamp designed by Aloys Ferdinand Gangkofner. For the Raak Discus the glass was made by Bega, also a German company. For the Stalactites flush mounts a cooperation with the Belgian Val Saint Lambert was undertaken in the late 1950s. Raak also sold some lamps that were produced by Staff Leuchten (Staff & Schwarz Leuchtenwerke GMBH) from Germany.
Carel Lockhorn sold the company in 1974 to ITT but remained a director until 1977. In 1980 Raak merged with BIS Lighting from Aalsmeer, also in The Netherlands and was renamed into BisRaak. In 1986 the Raak company became independent again. The company got a business appearance and only the colours white, black and grey were still processed.
In 1999, Raak merged with Artilite B.V. and Indoor B.V. and became CLA: Centrum voor Lichtarchitectuur B.V. in Drachten (Centre for Light Architecture). The Centre for Lighting Architecture was founded by Egbert Keen. CLA was declared bankrupt on 19-05-2011.