Poulsen Billiard Pendant Lamp
Materials: Enameled metal, pruple-blue (RAL 5000) on the outside, white on the inside. White coloured Bakelite socket.
Cord Length: 60 cm / 23.62’’
Height: 19 cm / 50.59”
Width: ∅ 28 cm / 19.68”
Electricity: 1 bulb E27, 1 x 60 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used, not a specific one preferred.
Period: 1960s, 1970s – Mid-Century Modern.
Designer: Arne Jacobsen (1902-1971) – attributed.
Manufacturer: Louis Poulsen & Co A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Other versions: Made in several colours. In 1967 there were 3 models: 16522, 16523, 16524.
Arne Emil Jacobsen was a Danish designer and architect. He was born in Copenhagen on 11 February 1902. Jacobsen was admitted to the Architecture School at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts (Det Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi) where from 1924 to 1927 he studied under Kay Fisker and Kaj Gottlob, both leading architects and designers.
Still a student, in 1925 he won a silver medal for a chair design in the Paris Art Deco fair, the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes (International Exhibition of Modern Decorative and Industrial Arts). After completing architecture school, he first worked at architect Poul Holsøe‘s architectural practice.
Arne Jacobsen designed many objects during his life, among which several famous lights for Louis Poulsen & CO A/S. The AJ table and floor lamp from 1957 is one of those lights and is still in production. Jacobsen also designed lights for Aarhus, another Danish company. He also designed lights for hotels and public places.
When Arne Jacobsen died unexpectedly 24 March 1971, he had a number of large projects under way, he was 69.
Louis Poulsen & CO A/S is a Danish lighting manufacturer that was founded in 1874 by Ludvig R. Poulsen as a wine importing business. 4 years later the firm closed down. However, in 1892 Ludvig Poulsen opened his second business, this time selling tools and electrical supplies.
Two years later in 1896 his nephew Louis Poulsen started to work for the company. After the dead of Ludvig in 1906, Louis takes over the business.
In 1911 Sophus Kaastrup-Olsen becomes a partner in the firm and the name changes in Louis Poulsen & Co A/S. Six years later Sophus Kaastrup-Olsen becomes the sole owner of the company.
The best known designers that worked for Louis Poulsen are Poul Henningsen, Arne Jacobsen, Verner Panton, Vilhelm Lauritzen, Shoichi Uchiyama and many others.
The Louis Poulsen billiard lamp in the 1977 book Het grote handboek voor “beter wonen”. (The big manual for “better living”) Compiled by Roland Göök and published by Uitgeverij Helmond (The Netherlands) and Uitgeverij Heideland-Orbis (Belgium). The original book is German: Schöner Wohnen – Das große praktische Einrichtungsbuch. Published by Mosaik Verlag GmbH, Munich, in 1976.
This book is easy to find in second hand shops, charity shops or even an antiquarian for a few euros. Many other lamps appear in it.
Many thanks to Marjan from Vintage Drachten for the beautiful pictures and the enthusiasm.