Philips Diplomat Desk Lamp
Materials: Brass, black painted brass. Matt black painted aluminium lampshade. The lampshade is painted white inside. Bakelite socket.
Height: 45 cm / 15.74”
Width: ∅ 34 cm / 13.77”
Electricity: 1 bulb E27, 1 x 100 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used. A big silver cup/crown/bowl bulb is preferred. There is a difference in sizes between 60 and 100 watt incandescent light bulbs. The 100 watt bulb is preferred.
Period: 1960s, 1970s – Mid-Century Modern.
Designer: After a design by Louis Christiaan Kalff.
Manufacturer: Philips, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
Often named Z lamp, the reason is clear. The real name is Diplomat. It is the successor of the Decora desk lamp designed by Louis Kalff in the 1950s. This desk lamp was made from the late 60s, early 70s until the 1980s. Same desk lamp, different lampshade. You can find the Decora over here on Vintageinfo.
This “modern” angular lampshade was the redesign for several lamps designed by Louis Kalff in the 1950s. The lampshade was not designed by Louis Kalff, since he retired in 1960. Probably designed under his approval by the Philips design team.
Koninklijke Philips N.V.
Inspired by the fast-growing electricity industry and the promising results of Gerard Philips own experiments to make reliable carbon filaments, Frederik Philips (his father) financed the purchase of a modest factory in Eindhoven, The Netherlands in 1891. Frederik Philips was a Jewish banker based in Zaltbommel.
In 1895, after difficult first four years and near bankruptcy, Anton Philips joined the company. He was Gerard’s younger brother. With Anton’s arrival, the family business began to expand rapidly. The brothers changed their family business by founding the Philips corporation. They laid the foundations for the later electronics multinational.
In 1930 the first shaver of the Philips company was introduced and was simply called “The Philishave”.
A day before the German invasion in the Netherlands on 9 Mai 1940, the Philips family fled to the United States of America, taking a large amount of the company capital with them.
Operating from the US as the North American Philips Company, they managed to run the company throughout the war. After World War II the company was moved back to the Netherlands, with their headquarters in Eindhoven.
Louis Christiaan Kalff (Amsterdam, November 14th 1897 – Waalre, September 16th, 1976)
Louis Kalff was a pioneering industrial designer in the Netherlands during the first half of the 20th century. With a solid background including studies in sculpture, ceramics, furniture design and architecture, he began to work for the Philips company in 1924, department consumer electronics company marketing.
In 1929 he started a department for design of lighting products (LIBU – Lichtadviesbureau (Dutch for light consultancy). Louis Kalff was responsible for the lighting sections of the World Exhibitions in Barcelona, Antwerp and Paris.
As freelancer he also designed posters and advertising for the Holland America Line, Calvé, Zeebad Scheveningen, Holland Radio and others. Louis Kalff also designed book covers.
After World War II Kalff kept himself active in industrial design for Philips. After his retirement in 1960, Louis Kalff stayed with Philips as a consultant and architect. In 1961 he was given the direction and execution of the Evoluon building in Eindhoven. It was the last work of the light architect who almost worked for forty years at the Philips group.
Belgian advertisement from the late sixties, price 995 BEF, +- 25 Euro/dollar.
“Met de Philips bureaulampen kunt u langer doorwerken, zonder dat uw ogen vermoeid raken. Vergeet echter niet de algemene verlichting aan te brengen: u vermijdt daardoor een te sterk contrast tussen het verlicht deel (uw bureau) en het schemerdonker van de rest van de kamer.”
“With the Philips desk lamps you can work longer without making your eyes tired, but do not forget to apply the general lighting: you avoid too strong contrast between the illuminated part (your desk) and the twilight of the rest of the room.”