Opal Glass And Brass Chandelier
Materials: 6 white opal conical convex hand blown glass lampshades. Curved pleated brass rods. Brass parts. Black painted brass parts. Long brass rod and canopy. Bakelite E14 sockets.
Total Height: 95 cm / 29.52”
Height: 40 cm / 29.52”
Width: ∅ 75 cm / 25.59”
Electricity: 6 bulbs E14, 6 x 40 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used, not a specific one preferred.
Period: 1950s, 1960s – Mid-Century Modern.
Designer: To be appraised.
Manufacturer: Massive, Mortsel, Kontich and Wommelgem, Belgium.
Other versions: This opal glass and brass chandelier was at least also made with 5 lights. The lampshades were used for many other lamps.
These convex conical opal glass lampshades are hand blown, none of these glasses are the same. They were in all probability made by the glass furnace company De Rupel from Boom. A chandelier with the same lampshades can be found over here. A table lamp over here.
Massive was in origin a bronze foundry and they produced mainly candlesticks, crucifixes and chandeliers in Wilrijk near Antwerp, Belgium. The company was founded in 1926 by Pieter-Jozef De Jaeck. His son Eddy De Jaeck was responsible for the huge expansion of the company in the 1970s. But it were his sons, Piet and Jan De Jaeck who made Massive a true multinational. Thus, they moved production to Eastern Europe and China.
In the 1980s Massive became the leading brand in Europe. In 2002, the brothers left the company to the investment fund CVC Capital Partners, for allegedly more than 250 million euros.
Since 2008 the company is owned by Philips and the name of the shops is changed into Light Gallery.
When the takeover by Philips was announced in November 2006 Massive commercialised more than 10.000 lighting products under brand names such as Massive, TRIO and Lirio. The group had about 5.000 employees worldwide and was active in 70 countries.
The electric parts were made by the VLM Components company from Buccinasco, near Milan in Italy. They were made in the 1950s, early 1960s.
Today VLM Components is owned By Relco. It is one of the biggest suppliers of switches, cords and plugs in Europe. VLM Components became famous because of the switches they produce that were designed by Achille Castiglioni in 1968.
Links (external links open in a new window)
Massive – Wikipedia (in Dutch)
The complete history of the Philips company
Sœur Sourire (2009) – Wikipedia
1960s convex opal glass table lamp – Table lamp with the same lampshades
1970s crystal glass chandelier
1960s triple pendant chandelier
Many thanks to Frank from Flowermountain.be for the photos and the enthusiasm.