Chrome Triple Witch Hat Pendant Lamp
Materials: Chromed iron lampshades, white painted inside. Bakelite sockets.
Cord Length: 80 cm / 31.49’’
Width: ∅ 60 cm / 23.62”
Electricity: 3 bulbs E27, 3 x 60 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulbs can be used, not a specific one preferred.
Period: 1960s, 1970s – Mid-Century Modern.
Designer: To be appraised.
Manufacturer: Massive, Kontich and Wommelgem, Belgium.
Other versions: Also made with five lamps, a single pendant and a large single pendant lamp.
Massive was in origin a bronze foundry and they produced mainly candlesticks, crucifixes and chandeliers in Wilrijk near Antwerp, Belgium. The company was founded in 1926 by Pieter-Jozef De Jaeck and was first named ‘De Jaeck’. His son Eddy De Jaeck was responsible for the huge expansion of the company in the 1970s. But it were his sons, Piet and Jan De Jaeck who made Massive a true multinational. Thus, they moved production to Eastern Europe and China.
In the 1980s Massive became the leading brand in Europe. In 2002, the brothers left the company to the investment fund CVC Capital Partners, for allegedly more than 250 million euros.
Since 2008 the company is owned by Philips and the name of the shops is changed into Light Gallery.
When the takeover by Philips was announced in November 2006 Massive commercialized more than 10.000 lighting products under brand names such as Massive, TRIO and Lirio Leuchten. The group had about 5.000 employees worldwide and was active in 70 countries.
The Massive company was always in many eyes, a synonym for mass production, low quality and low prices. Despite the fact that they produced mostly low-cost lamps, occasionally there are still beautiful lamps in their collection and not all of them were cheap.
Massive also sold lamps produced by other companies such as the German Peill + Putzler, S.A. Boulanger, also from belgium, Yamada Shomei from Japan, many anonymous mass producing Chinese and Italian companies and so on. Many lamps sold by IKEA in the 60s and 70s were also sold by Massive. IKEA had yet to begin its global expansion.