Aloys Ferdinand Gangkofner Pendant Lamp “Venezia”
Materials: Transparent and opaque striped hand blown crystal glass. Made of two glass parts. Metal socket.
Cord Length: 80 cm / 31.49’’
Height: 49 cm / 19.29”
Width: ∅ 27 cm / 10.62”
Electricity: 1 bulb E27, 1 x 100 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used. But preferably a white/opaque bulb, a clear bulb creates stripes on the wall.
Period: 1950s, 1960s – Mid-Century Modern.
Designer: Aloys Ferdinand Gangkofner (1920-2003).
Manufacturer: Made and sold by Peill + Putzler in Düren, Germany and also produced for Raak, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Parscot, Paris, France and the Swedish company Lilux Belysning AB. Probably also made for some other companies.
Often sold without the hood with horizontal stripes, probably because it broke down.
Aloys Ferdinand Gangkofner
Aloys Ferdinand Gangkofner was born in Reichenberg, Germany in 1920. He studied at the Staatliche Fachschule für Glasindustrie (State Technical College for the Glass Industry) in Zwiesel from 1934 until 1935. He worked as a freelancer for Peill + Putzler from 1953 until 1958. Several of his designs were also sold by Raak Amsterdam, always produced by Peill + Putzler.
Later he started to work as an independent for, among others, the ERCO lighting company, also from Germany. Gangkofner also designed lamps in the 1960s for Reininghaus & Co from Lüdenscheid, Germany which won several iFdesign awards. He died in Munich (München), Germany in 2003.
Peill + Putzler
Glashüttenwerk Peill und Sohn was founded in 1903 in Düren, a small town in (West) Germany. Peill und Sohn (Peill and sons) merged with Putzler (founded in 1869) in 1947 as a glass works and lighting company and became Peill + Putzler Glashüttenwerke.
The company always worked with important designers such as Wilhelm Wagenfeld, William Brown, Helmut Demary, Aloys Ferdinand Gangkofner, Horst Tüselmann and many others.
In the 1950s 1500 people were working for the company. They also produced glass for other light companies in Europe, such as Raak, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Parscot, France and Massive from Belgium.
In 1995 the production of glass and lights moved to Slovenia, Poland and the Czech Republic. Only the trading of lamps en glass stayed in Düren. 1 year after the 100st anniversary in 2004, bankruptcy was filed.
In 2007 the name Peill + Putzler was re-used for a while for the Wagenfeld lighting of the German lighting company of Paul Neuhaus.
Today the Peill + Putzler factory is called Glashütte Düren and is converted to many other businesses and conference center.
The Dutch company Raak was founded in 1954 by Carel O. Lockhorn (18 June 1923 – 6 October 2004), a previous employee of Philips from Eindhoven. Raak, which means “to hit” in Dutch, implies design which precisely “hits the nail on the head”.
Raak is best known for their organic modern design of the 1960s and 1970s which combined glass & metals for a sophisticated futuristic style.
The light company collaborated with several international designers and architects, including Bertrand Balas, Evert Jelle Jelles, Frank Ligtelijn, Ger Vos, Jan Jasper Fayer, Li Helo, Maija-Liisa Komulainen, Nan Platvoet, Nanny Still-Mackinney, Nico Kooi, Sergio Asti, Tapio Wirkala, Willem van Oyen and many others.
Raak also collaborated with other companies. They worked with the German Peill + Putzler for the Raak Globe lamps. Peill + Putzler produced the glass. They also sold lamps made by Peill + Putzler, such as this pendant lamp designed by Aloys Ferdinand Gangkofner. For the Raak Discus the glass was made by Bega, also a German company. For the Night Club and Stalactites lamps a cooperation with the Belgian Val Saint Lambert was undertaken in the late 1950s. Raak also sold some lamps that were produced by Staff Leuchten (Staff & Schwarz Leuchtenwerke GMBH) from Germany, and several other companies.
Carel Lockhorn sold the company in 1974 to ITT but remained a director until 1977. In 1980 Raak merged with BIS Lighting from Aalsmeer, also in The Netherlands and was renamed into BisRaak. In 1986 the Raak company became independent again. The company got a business appearance and only the colors white, black and gray were processed.
In 1999, Raak merged with Artilite B.V. and Indoor B.V. and became CLA: Centrum voor Lichtarchitectuur B.V. in Drachten (Center for Light Architecture). Lichtarchitectuur (light architecture) was the Raak tagline from the beginning in the 1950s. The Center for Lighting Architecture was founded by Egbert Keen. The company was declared bankrupt on 19-05-2011.
The Parscot company was located at 12 Rue du Moulin Vert, 75014 Paris, France. The company was founded just after World War 2 in 1945. It ended business in 1990. Parscot produced several lamps designed by René-Jean Caillette. No further information to be found.
The Swedish company Lilux Belysning AB was founded in 1962 by Bo Annell. Bo was the son of Axel Annell, who owned the Axel Annell AB Rationell Belysning company since 1932. Axel’s company develops and manufactures the first luminaires in Sweden for the new “fluorescent tubes”.
Bo started to work for his fathers company at the age of 23.
In 1956 Axel Annell AB becomes distributor of the German lighting factory Staff & Schwarz Leuchtenwerke GMBH. In the same year Bo Annell’s eldest son Staffan was born. Danish designer Poul Henningsen gives a newly designed PH5 pendant lamp as a present.
In 1962 Bo Annell leaves Axel Annell AB and starts his own company Lilux Belysning AB. He becomes distributor for Finnish Stockmann-Orno, German Peill + Putzler and Staff and the Italian Vistosi company.
Lilux Belysning AB transfers the business and brand to Hans Agne Jakobsson AB, Markaryd in 1977. Annell Ljus + Form AB will be the new company name for Lilux and a new business will be started by Bo Annell with his sons Staffan and Tomas as partners in 1979.