1950s Scandinavian Ribbed Glass Pendant Lamp
Materials: Opaque milky ribbed oval glass. Black metal ring. Pine wood on top of the lampshade. Pine wood round canopy. Bakelite socket.
Cord Length: 60 cm / 23.62”
Height: 15 cm / 5.90”
Width: ∅ 35 cm / 13.77”
Electricity: 1 bulb E27, 1 x 60 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used. Not a specific one preferred.
Period: 1950s, 1960s – Mid-Century Modern.
Designer: To be appraised.
Manufacturer: Massive, Kontich and Wommelgem, Belgium.
These pendant lamps and the chandeliers of this type of lamps are most of the time attributed to Louis Kalff from Philips. Philips produced comparable lamps as so many companies did at that time. The Philips lamps have smaller ribs on the lampshade and no metal ring. The wood is teak, rosewood or some other exotic wood. Also often sold as a lamp from Denmark.
Massive was in origin a bronze foundry and they produced mainly candlesticks, crucifixes and chandeliers in Wilrijk near Antwerp, Belgium. The company was founded in 1926 by Pieter-Jozef De Jaeck. His son Eddy De Jaeck was responsible for the huge expansion of the company in the 1970s. But it were his sons, Piet and Jan De Jaeck who made Massive a true multinational. Thus, they moved production to Eastern Europe and China.
In the 1980s Massive became the leading brand in Europe. In 2002, the brothers left the company to the investment fund CVC Capital Partners, for allegedly more than 250 million euros.
Since 2008 the company is owned by Philips and the name of the shops is changed into Light Gallery.
When the takeover by Philips was announced in November 2006 Massive commercialized more than 10.000 lighting products under brand names such as Massive, TRIO and Lirio. The group had about 5.000 employees worldwide and was active in 70 countries.
Many thanks to Frank from Flowermountain.be for the photos and the enthusiasm.