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IKEA Morell pendant lamp in a catalogue from the 1960s
IKEA, formerly known by its full initials, Ingvar Kamprad Elmtaryd Agunnaryd, is a multinational group, headquartered in Delft, The Netherlands, but founded in Älmhult, Sweden in 1943 by then-17-year-old Ingvar Kamprad, born 30 March 1926.
IKEA started as a mostly mail-order sales business. The first store was opened in Älmhult, Småland, Sweden in 1958. The first stores in other countries were opened in Norway (1963) and Denmark (1969). In 1973 a shop was opened in Switzerland, soon followed by shops in Germany and Japan (1974). Australia and Hongkong in 1975, Canada in 1976, Austria in 1977, Singapore and The Netherlands in 1978, Spain in 1980. Iceland and France in 1981, Saudi Arabia in 1983 and Belgium and Kuwait in 1984. The USA followed in 1985.
Jute and Teak Pendant Lamp
Materials: Jute, wool, teak, Bakelite socket.
Cord Length: 60 cm / 23.62’’
Height: 23 cm / 9.05”
Width: 45 cm / 17.71”
Electricity: 1 bulb E27, 1 x 60 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used, not a specific one preferred.
Period: 1960s – Mid-Century Modern.
Designer: To be appraised.
Manufacturer: Massive, Kontich and Wommelgem, Belgium.
Massive was in origin a bronze foundry and they produced mainly candlesticks, crucifixes and chandeliers in Wilrijk near Antwerp, Belgium. The company was founded in 1926 by Pieter-Jozef De Jaeck. His son Eddy De Jaeck was responsible for the huge expansion of the company in the 1970s. But it were his sons, Piet and Jan De Jaeck who made Massive a true multinational. Thus, they moved production to Eastern Europe and China.
In the 1980s Massive became the leading brand in Europe. In 2002, the brothers left the company to the investment fund CVC Capital Partners, for allegedly more than 250 million euros.
Since 2008 the company is owned by Koninklijke Philips and the name of the shops is changed into Light Gallery.
When the takeover by Philips was announced in November 2006 Massive commercialized more than 10.000 lighting products under brand names such as Massive, TRIO and Lirio. The group had about 5.000 employees worldwide and was active in 70 countries.
These pendant lamps are most of the time sold as Danish pendant lamps. Also IKEA made a similar lamp, the Morell pendant lamp, as you can see on the left. Koninklijke Philips produced several lamps like this, as you can see below. Several companies produced similar lamps.
Two other lamps in this style by Massive: Jute and pine pendant lamps.
Philips pendant lamp in a catalogue from 1967
Philips pendant lamps in a catalogue from 1968
A Massive pendant lamp used as a prop for the 2016 TV Series Ennemi Public, made in Belgium.