Chrome Spiral Spring Table Lamp
Materials: Chromed metal (iron) wire. Plastic socket, some plastic parts.
Height: 20, 5 cm / 8.07”
Width: ∅ 9 cm / 3.54”
Electricity: 1 bulb E27, 1 x 60 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used, not a specific one preferred.
Period: 1980s – 2000s.
Designer: To be appraised.
Manufacturer: Massive, Mortsel, Kontich and Wommelgem, Belgium.
Other versions: The Massive lighting company produced this chrome spiral spring table lamp for a very long time. At least since the 1980s until the early 2000s. Early editions have a Bakelite socket. Later versions, such as this one have a plastic socket.
Many companies produced spiral lamps. The first one and at least one of the most famous lamps is the lamp designed by Ingo Maurer (1932 – 2019) and produced by his company M-Design. Often said that it is a lamp from the 1970s, but it was designed and produced for the first time in the late 1960s.
In 1971 Heinz Brenker (pseudonym used by Studio Tecnico Interno Harvey Guzzini from 1958 until 1974) designed a spiral table lamp named Jo-Jo for Harvey Guzzini. It was in production from 1972 until 1974 and it has more similarities with this lamp than with the Ingo Maurer lamp with the glass globe. This table lamp by Massive is often sold as the Jo-Jo lamp: beware!
Angelo Mangiarotti designed several spiral spring lamps for the Italian Candle in the 1970s. Candle is part of Fontana Arte.
Other producers that made this type of lamps in the 1970s are, amongst others:
Elco Lite, Woja, Luciano Frigerio, Sciolari Illuminazione, Lumi, Targetti, Laurel, Sonneman, Bonomi Form, Inter Néo and so on.
The Massive lighting company was in origin a bronze foundry and they produced mainly candlesticks, crucifixes and chandeliers in Wilrijk near Antwerp, Belgium. The company was founded in 1926 by Pieter-Jozef De Jaeck. His son Eddy De Jaeck was responsible for the huge expansion of the company in the 1970s. But it were his sons, Piet and Jan De Jaeck who made Massive a true multinational. Thus, they moved production to Eastern Europe and China.
In the 1980s Massive became the leading brand in Europe. In 2002, the brothers left the company to the investment fund CVC Capital Partners, for allegedly more than 250 million euros.
Since 2008 the company is owned by Philips and the name of the shops is changed into Light Gallery.
When the takeover by Philips was announced in November 2006 Massive commercialized more than 10.000 lighting products under brand names such as Massive, TRIO Leuchten and Lirio. The group had about 5.000 employees worldwide and was active in 70 countries.
The electric parts are Italian and made by VLM Components from Buccanisco, near Milan. The company is famous for the switches they produced designed by Achille Castiglioni.
Links (external links open in a new window)
Massive – Wikipedia (in Dutch)
Harvey Guzzini Jo-Jo – Google images
Ingo Maurer website
The complete history of the Philips company
Philips – Wikipedia
La Piscine (1969) – Wikipedia
Paris N’Existe Pas (1969) – Wikipedia
Lamps in the movies
The Ingo Maurer lamp appears in the Italian/French film La Piscine (The Swimming Pool) from 1969 with Alain Delon, Romy Schneider, Jane Birkin and Maurice Ronet.