1970s Gooseneck Spotlight
Materials: Yellow painted lampshade, black painted inside. Metal gooseneck in a plastic tube. Plastic clamp, porcelain socket.
Lenght: 56 cm / 22.04”
Lampshade: ∅ 6,3 cm / 2.48”
Clamp: 11,5 cm / 4.52”
Electricity: 1 bulb E14, 1 x 75 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used. But a spot bulb is preferred.
Period: 1970s – Mid-Century Modern.
Designer: To be appraised.
Manufacturer: Massive, Kontich and Wommelgem, Belgium.
Other versions: Made is several colours, also completely in black.
These lamps were also sold by Vrieland Design from The Netherlands.
A gooseneck is a flexible tube made of all kind of materials. Mostly made of iron or brass for lighting.
The Massive lighting company was in origin a bronze foundry and they produced mainly candlesticks, crucifixes and chandeliers in Wilrijk near Antwerp, Belgium. The company was founded in 1926 by Pieter-Jozef De Jaeck. His son Eddy De Jaeck was responsible for the huge expansion of the company in the 1970s. But it were his sons, Piet and Jan De Jaeck who made Massive a true multinational. Thus, they moved production to Eastern Europe and China.
In the 1980s Massive became the leading brand in Europe. In 2002, the brothers left the company to the investment fund CVC Capital Partners, for allegedly more than 250 million euros.
Since 2008 the company is owned by Philips and the name of the shops is changed into Light Gallery.
When the takeover by Philips was announced in November 2006 Massive commercialized more than 10.000 lighting products under brand names such as Massive, TRIO Leuchten and Lirio. The group had about 5.000 employees worldwide and was active in 70 countries.
The electric parts are Italian and made by VLM Components from Buccanisco, near Milan. The company is famous for the switches they produced designed by Achille Castiglioni.
Vrieland Design was a wholesaler, not a producer of lamps. They sold many lamps that were also sold or produced by other companies such as Massive from Belgium, Knud Christensen Elektric A/S, from Denmark, Yamada Shomei from Japan and many others.
The company was active in the 1970s and 1980s, to see on the lamps they sold and the labels. Labels from the 1990s have the CE logo on their labels when it became mandatory in the European Union. Not to be confused with the Chinese label CE, what stands for China Export and is almost identical.