Blue & White Enamel Pendant Lamp
Materials: White enameled iron with blue decoration. Brass and porcelain socket.
Cord Length: 80 cm / 31.49’’
Width: ∅ 26 cm / 3.93”
Height: 15 cm / 14.17”
Electricity: 1 bulb E27, 1 x 100 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used. Not a specific one preferred.
Period: 1920s – 1960s.
Designer: To be appraised.
Manufacturer: Massive, Kontich and Wommelgem, Belgium – attributed.
Other versions: Made in several colours.
This pendant lamp is a classic and probably typical Belgian. Made in the form of a hanging towel with the same white and blue decoration. If you find one for sale, it is almost always in Belgium. Made for many years and used in the scullery, laundry room and even outside under a canopy. Later versions were no longer enamelled but dyed.
Massive was in origin a bronze foundry and they produced mainly candlesticks, crucifixes and chandeliers in Wilrijk near Antwerp, Belgium. The company was founded in 1926 by Pieter-Jozef De Jaeck. His son Eddy De Jaeck was responsible for the huge expansion of the company in the 1970s. But it were his sons, Piet and Jan De Jaeck who made Massive a true multinational. Thus, they moved production to Eastern Europe and China.
In the 1980s Massive became the leading brand in Europe. In 2002, the brothers left the company to the investment fund CVC Capital Partners, for allegedly more than 250 million euros.
Since 2008 the company is owned by Philips and the name of the shops is changed into Light Gallery.
When the takeover by Philips was announced in November 2006 Massive commercialized more than 10.000 lighting products under brand names such as Massive, TRIO and Lirio. The group had about 5.000 employees worldwide and was active in 70 countries.