1950s Lantern Pendant Light
Materials: Black and silver painted forged iron. Brass decorative parts, opaque glass. Iron white painted mesh on top of the glass. Black and white painted lampshade, brass chain. Bakelite socket.
Chain Length: 80 cm / 31.49’’
Height: 31 cm / 12.20”
Width: 21 cm / 8.26”
Electricity: 1 bulb E27, 1 x 60 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used. But a white, opaque or frosted one is preferred; it gives the best result with this light.
Period: 1950s – 1960s.
Designer: To be appraised.
Manufacturer: Massive Lighting, Kontich and Wommelgem, Belgium. (attributed)
This type of lights were made for many years. The origin is vague, but they were presumably first made in France and Italy. Off course the design is based on the typical candlestick lanterns, but there was a revival of this design in the 1950s.
All the electric parts are made by the Italian VLM company from Buccinasco, near Milan, as you can see on the left. VLM Components was founded in 1945 and the parts in this light were made in the 1950s, early 1960s. VLM Components is famous for the range of switches they produced that were designed by Achille Castiglione in 1968.
Massive Lighting was in origin a bronze foundry and they produced mainly candlesticks, crucifixes and chandeliers in Wilrijk near Antwerp, Belgium. The company was founded in 1926 by Pieter-Jozef De Jaeck. His son Eddy De Jaeck was responsible for the huge expansion of the company in the 1970s. But it were his sons, Piet and Jan De Jaeck who made Massive a true multinational. Thus, they moved production to Eastern Europe and China.
In the 1980s Massive Lighting became the leading brand in Europe. In 2002, the brothers left the company to the investment fund CVC Capital Partners, for allegedly more than 250 million euros.
Since 2008 the company is owned by Philips and the name of the shops is changed into Light Gallery.
When the takeover by Philips was announced in November 2006 Massive commercialized more than 10.000 lighting products under brand names such as Massive, TRIO and Lirio. The group had about 5.000 employees worldwide and was active in 70 countries.