White & Smoked Acrylic Rise & Fall Pendant Lamp
Materials: White acrylic round lampshade. Smoked acrylic round lid on top. Chromed metal (iron) ring, lid and top. Chrome (iron) handle. Some metal parts. Rolly rise & fall mechanism. 2 galvanised metal E27 sockets.
Cord: This one has an adjustable rise & fall mechanism (40 – 140 cm / 15.74 – 55.11”). It can be easily adjusted in height by pulling the chrome handle underneath.
Height: 25 cm / 9.84”
Width: ∅ 49 cm / 19.29”
Electricity: 2 bulbs E27, 2 x 60 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used, but for white glass frosted or white bulbs are preferred.
Period: 1970s – Mid-Century Modern.
Designer: To be appraised.
Manufacturer: Massive, Mortsel, Kontich and Wommelgem, Belgium.
Other versions: This white & smoked acrylic rise & fall pendant lamp was also produced without a rise & fall mechanism. It exists in several colours and was also made with an acrylic diffuser below.
This typical kitchen pendant lamp has a rise & fall mechanism made by Rolly. It has no date on it, so this lamp is produced in the late 1970s. Early Rolly pull down mechanisms (1960s-1976) have a date pressed in the green plastic. Rolly was an Italian company that produced rise & fall mechanisms for many companies. Rolly no longer exists.
Massive was in origin a bronze foundry and they produced mainly candlesticks, crucifixes and chandeliers in Wilrijk near Antwerp, Belgium. The company was founded in 1926 by Pieter-Jozef De Jaeck. His son Eddy De Jaeck was responsible for the huge expansion of the company in the 1970s. But it were his sons, Piet and Jan De Jaeck who made Massive a true multinational. Thus, they moved production to Eastern Europe and China.
In the 1980s Massive became the leading brand in Europe. In 2002, the brothers left the company to the investment fund CVC Capital Partners, for allegedly more than 250 million euros. Since 2008 the company is owned by Philips and the name of the shops is changed into Light Gallery.
When the takeover by Philips was announced in November 2006 Massive commercialized more than 10.000 lighting products under brand names such as Massive, TRIO and Lirio. The group had about 5.000 employees worldwide and was active in 70 countries.
Massive sold many lamps made by others. Peill + Putzler from Germany and Yamada Shomei from Japan produced lamps for Massive, to name a few. Many other lighting companies did.