The sockets of this lamp have the Swedish (Semko –Svenska Elektriska Materielkontrollanstalten) and Swiss (ESTI – Eidgenössische Starkstrominspektorat) safety mark on it.
Links (external links open in a new window)
Chrome plating on Wikipedia
Bruno Paul on Wikipedia
Bernhard Pankok on Wikipedia
Richard Riemerschmid on Wikipedia
Vereinigte Werkstätten für Kunst im Handwerk on Wikipedia (only in German – 2017)
Hermann Obrist onn Wikipedia
Aktiengesellschaft on Wikipedia (in German)
Joint-stock company on Wikipedia
Other Vereinigte Werkstätten lamps on Vintageinfo
Chromed Glass Globes Chandelier
Materials: Chromed metal and brass. Opaque glass with a chromed ring. Bakelite sockets.
Total Height: 70 cm / 27.55”
Height: 40 cm / 11.02”
Width: 50 cm / 19.68”
Electricity: 5 bulbs E14, 5 x 60 watt maximum, 110/220 volt.
Any type of light bulb can be used, but a white/opaque or frosted one is preferred for white glass. Clear bulbs creates stripes on the glass and therefore also on the walls.
Period: 1960s – Mid-Century Modern.
Designer: To be appraised.
Manufacturer: Vereinigte Werkstätten für Kunst im Handwerk AG, Munich, Germany (United Workshops for Art & Crafts).
Vereinigte Werkstätten für Kunst im Handwerk AG, was a German company founded in 1898 in Munich, Germany as a GmbH (Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung, a company with limited liability). The mentors of this process are architect, illustrator, interior designer, and furniture designer Bruno Paul. Painter, graphic artist, architect, and designer Bernhard Pankok. Architect, painter, designer and city planner Richard Riemerschmid. And sculptor Hermann Obrist.
The management was led by the painter Franz August Otto Krüger.
Already in the early years, other progressive designers realized their ideas at the company. Among them were Peter Behrens, Eugen Berner, Margaretha von Brauchitsch. Paul Haustein, Rudolf Rochga, Theo Schmuz-Baudiss and Paul Schultze-Naumburg. The clients standing behind them were well-to-do intellectuals and artists.
At the Paris World Exposition in 1900, the Vereinigte Werkstätten für Kunst im Handwerk AG received a Grand Prix for their three exhibition rooms. They were made by Bernhard Pankok, Bruno Paul and Richard Riemerschmid.
In 1907 the company changed into a AG (Aktiengesellschaft), a stock corporation. The chairman of the supervisory board was Theodor von Cramer-Klett. He came from a large industrial family.
In 1907 they opened a branch in Bremen with an exhibition and sales hall, on the other side of the country in the north. 3 years later the headquarters were also moved to Bremen, where he remained until 1939. A year later, in 1911 a shop was opened in Berlin.
In 1939, the company had moved its headquarters back from Bremen to Munich and moved into the exhibition building at Amiraplatz in 1940. After the war, despite its upswing in the 1950s, their former leadership role disappeared. For several decades, there has been no significant private customer market for individual designs of artistically sophisticated or even avant-garde furniture design and the distribution moved to taste-free commercial furniture.
Up to 1970 – 1971, the Vereinigte Werkstätten für Kunst im Handwerk AG still existed as a manufacturing branch in Bremen. Cooperation with contemporary furniture designers in the 1980s could not compensate for the economic problems, which meant that the company also had to close down in Munich in 1991 and a change was made to the Amira Verwaltungs-A.G., which is now dedicated to property management.
The inside of the socket of each lamp with the VW logo.